The utilization of fermented sago waste as feed source for ettawa crossbreed goat feed

Junaedi Edi, Irwansyah Irwansyah

Abstract


This research aims to utilize local feed resources for Ettawa crossbreed (PE) goat by mixing the fermented sago waste (FSW) with forages. In this research, 9 PE goats at the age of 6 months and weighed at 17.46±0.3 kg were used as the research subject. The fermented sago waste consisted of 75% sago waste, 20% bran, 0.25% urea, 3% molasses, and 1.25% urea. Probion was added as much as 0.5% of total feed weight. All of the feedstuffs were mixed and fermented in anaerobic conditions for 21 days. The feeding was then divided into three groups, which were: 100% forage + 0% FSW (A); 70% forage + 30% FSW (B); and 50% forage + 50% FSW (C). The observed parameters were average daily gain (ADG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR). All of the data were analyzed in a completely randomized design. The analysis showed a significant difference (P<0.05) on the ADG of PE goats, with the highest was obtained in 30% FSW addition (86.10±1.90 grams/goat/day), followed with 50% FSW addition (80±3.41 gram/goat/day), while the 100% forage feeding showed the lowest ADG at 72.14±3.96 gram/goat/day). However, there is no significant difference (P>0.05) to the FCR in all treatments, which showed FCR at 9.68 to 9.98.


Keywords


Sago waste; Fermentation; PE goats

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dinata, D. D., Widiyanto, W., & Pujaningsih, R. I. (2015). Pengaruh suplementasi dan proteksi minyak biji kapuk terhadap fermentabilitas ruminal rumput gajah pada sapi secara in vitro. Jurnal Agripet, 15(1), 46–51. https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v15i1.2299

Ginting, S. P., Tarigan, A., Hutasoit, R., & Yulistiani, D. (2015). Preferences, digestibility and rumen fermentation characteristics of several mulberry species in goats. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak Dan Veteriner, 19(3), 176–183. https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v19i3.1080

Kaps, M., & Lamberson, W. R. (2004). Biostatistic of Animal Science. Cambridge: Cabi Publishing.

Lin, L., Kan, X., Yan, H., & Wang, D. (2012). Characterization of extracellular cellulose-degrading enzymes from Bacillus thuringiensis strains. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 15(3), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.2225/vol15-issue3-fulltext-1

Mc Donald, P., Henderson, A. R., & Heron, S. J. E. (1981). The Biochemistry of Silage (6th ed.). Canterbury UK: Chalcombe Publication.

National Research Council. (1981). Nutrient Requirement of Goats: Angora, Dairy, and Meatgoats in Temperate and Tropical Countries. Washington DC: National Academy Press.

Ohmomo, S., Nitisinprasart, S., & Hiranpradit, S. (2002). Silage-making and recent trend of dairy farming in Thailand. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly: JARQ, 36(4), 227–234. https://doi.org/10.6090/jarq.36.227

Perry, T. W., Cullison, A. E., & Lowrey, R. S. (2003). Feed & Feeding (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River New Jersey: Pearson Edication, Inc.

Ratnakomala, S., Ridwan, R., Kartina, G., & Widyastuti, Y. (2006). The effect of Lactobacillus plantarum 1A-2 and 1BL-2 inoculant on the quality of napier grass silage. Biodiversitas, Journal of Biological Diversity, 7(2), 131–134. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d070208

Saha, M., Sana, N., & Shaha, R. K. (1970). Serum lipid profile of hypertensive patients in the northern region of Bangladesh. Journal of Bio-Science, 14, 93–98. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbs.v14i0.450

SARI, L., & Purwadaria, T. (2004). Evaluate the effect of mutans Aspergillus niger to the nutritive value of fermentation at coconut meal and karnel palm meal. Biodiversitas, Journal of Biological Diversity, 5(2), 48–51. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d050202

Steel, R. G., & Torrie, J. H. (1991). Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. In B. Sumantri (Ed.), Suatu Pendekatan Biometrik (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Gramedia.

Suparjo, S., Wiryawan, K. G., Laconi, E. B., & Mangunwidjaja, D. (2011). Performa kambing yang diberi kulit buah kakao terfermentasi. Media Peternakan, 34(1), 35–41. https://doi.org/10.5398/medpet.2011.34.1.35

Suparman, S., Hafid, H., & Ode Baa, L. (2016). Kajian pertumbuhan dan produksi kambing peranakan ettawa jantan yang diberi pakan berbeda. JITRO, 3(3), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.33772/JITRO.V3I3.1842

Wulandari, S., Agus, A., Soejono, M., Cahyanto, M. N., & Utomo, R. (2014). Performa produksi domba yang diberi complete feed fermentasi berbasis pod kakao serta nilai nutrien tercernanya secara in vivo. Buletin Peternakan, 38(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v38i1.4615




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2020.030.02.04

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.