Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip <div class="dc" style="position: absolute; left: -9091px;">With PayPal you can enjoy the thrill of playing your favourite casino games without worrying about payment methods, security and frauds. There are many online casino sites that offer <a href="https://gamblingcomet.com/online-roulette-paypal/">best online roulette PayPal</a> as a payment method but you can be sure that these sites are genuine and reliable. Once you have access to your PayPal account, use it to pay for your transactions instantly and effortlessly. You may also get additional bonuses by registering with a number of other online casinos. To get started with PayPal, visit our website.</div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)</strong> is a journal published and managed by the Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya in collaboration with Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia (ISPI). It is a peer-reviewed journal published three times a year and now actively using Open Journal System (OJS). This journal mediates the dissemination of researchers from various disciplines in animal science, such as animal feed and nutrition; animal reproduction, genetics, and production; social and economic; and animal products and technology. The access to entire articles in this journal is free. The editorial goal is to provide a forum exchange and an interface between academia, industry, government and society in the field of animal science and technology.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)</strong> or <strong>JIIP</strong> has been indexed in Garba Rujukan Digital (Garuda), Google Scholar, SINTA, ISJD, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE), DOAJ, Scilit, DRJI, and CiteFactor. Based on Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (SK No. 148/M/KPT/2020), it<strong> has been accredited</strong> as the scientific journal with category<strong> Sinta 2</strong> for five years<strong>.</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">We accept submission from all over the world. All submitted articles shall never be published elsewhere, must be original and not under consideration for other publication.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p>Distinguished Researchers and Academicians,</p> <p>Starting form 2022, all manuscripts should be submitted with good English and clear phrasing.</p> <p><a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1412930605">E-ISSN 2443-0765</a> | <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1180433915">P-ISSN 0852-3681</a></p> Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya en-US Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) 0852-3681 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" target="_self">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol type="a"><ol type="a"><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> The Coverage Rate of Superior Native Chicken Vaccination and Factors Determining Farmers' Decision in the Vaccination Program https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2746 <p>The Ministry of Agriculture distributed superior native chicken (KUB) through the BEKERJA program, which was followed by vaccination services as a determinant affecting chicken productivity. This study examined the coverage rate of chicken vaccination and the factors that influence farmers' decision to vaccinate their chickens during the BEKERJA program in Indramayu District, West Java Province. Primary data were collected during vaccination, and secondary data on household characteristics were obtained from the Ministry of Social Affairs. Farmers from 1,549 impoverished households who vaccinated or did not vaccinate their chickens were chosen at random in three sub-districts, and monitoring was done from March to September 2019 during the vaccination program. Descriptive analysis was used to determine farmer characteristics and chicken vaccination coverage rate, while logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors influencing farmers' decision to vaccinate their chickens. The coverage rate of chicken vaccination decreased from 88 percent in the first vaccination period to 63 percent in the sixth vaccination period. Farmers refused vaccination because of previous failures, increasing the mortality rate. Furthermore, the likelihood of implementing a chicken vaccination program was significantly higher for households with a large number of chicken populations, livestock farming experience, and larger land size. However, the number of family members had a smaller effect and respondents' age and residence status did not affect vaccination decisions. As a result, a household's understanding of the importance of vaccination, and the required condition of chickens, must be considered for an effective vaccination strategy.</p> I gusti Ayu Putu Mahendri Ratna Ayu Saptati Copyright (c) 2023 I gusti Ayu Putu Mahendri, Ratna Ayu Saptati http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.01 Rice Bran Quality Based on Physical Properties and Chemical Composition Estimation in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2722 <p>Rice bran, a byproduct generated during the rice milling process, is widely utilized as a livestock feed ingredient. However, the quality of rice bran can vary across different production regions. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of rice bran in Maros District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, based on its physical properties and predicted nutrient contents. The study employed a completely randomized design, with ten treatments (representing rice mills from Bonto Marannu, Maccini Baji, Allepolea, Majannang, Salenrang, Turikale, Allatengae, Soreang, Baju Bodoa, and Tunikamaseang) and four replications. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan's multiple range test. The results revealed a highly significant effect (P&lt;0.01) of the rice mill location on the physical quality and predicted nutrient contents of rice bran. The bulk density and tapped density densities varied (P&lt;0.01) among the ten rice mills located in five sub-districts of Maros District, while the predicted crude protein and crude fiber contents also showed variation (P&lt;0.01). The highest values were observed in the rice bran from the Allatengae mill, while the lowest values were found in the rice bran from the Allepolea mill. In this study, the quality of rice bran was categorized into grades I, II, and III according to Standard Nasional Indonesia (2013), based on its physical quality and predicted nutrient contents</p> Muhammad Ridla Firdayanti Firdayanti Erica B. Laconi Nevyani Asikin Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Ridla, Firdayanti Firdayanti, Erica B. Laconi, Nevyani Asikin http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.02 The Effects of Different Sources of Protein on the Growth Performance and Digestibility Protein of Local Chickens Crossbreed: A Meta-analysis https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2748 <p>A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effects of different sources of energy on the growth performance and digestibility protein of local chickens crossbreed. A dataset was constructed based on relevant published papers. An algorithm was constructed from 2015 to 2023, with a search in Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, and Medline using the MESH terms “chicken”, “digestibility”, “local chicken”, “performance”, and “nutrient digestibility”. After careful evaluation, the final dataset consisted of 8 in-vivo studies comprising 31 treatment units. The data analysis and coding were performed using software R version 4.2.1 “Funny-looking kid” computing with library mode (cowplot); (tidyverse); and (viridis); and (nlme). Our meta-analysis with regard to growth performance, the different sources of protein did not affect the body weight, FCR, body weight gain (BWG), final body weight (FBW), and feed intake (FI) (<em>p</em> &gt; 0.05). In conclusion, the different source of protein negatively affects parameters for growth performance and nutrient digestibility in local chicken crossbreeds.</p> Alfan Kurniawan Muhammad Halim Natsir Suyadi Danung Nur Adli Copyright (c) 2023 Alfan Kurniawan, Muhammad Halim Natsir, Suyadi, Danung Nur Adli http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.03 Prevention of Protein Degradation Using Ensiling Coffee Husk https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2770 <p>The purpose of this research is to provide protein protective compounds during the ensiling process using local materials, namely coffee husk waste. The type of coffee used was robusta. Dry coffee husk (moisture &lt;15%) was ground using a Wiley mill (2 mm sieve). The extraction of tannins from coffee husk waste was performed by the Soxhlation method using ethanol organic solvent (70%). The research involved four treatments and five replications, namely P0= elephant grass silage without tannins; P1= elephant grass silage with the mixture of 3g coffee husk tannins per 1kg fresh silage; P2= elephant grass silage with the mixture of 6g coffee husk tannins per 1kg fresh silage; and P3= elephant grass silage with the mixture of 9g coffee husk tannins per 1kg fresh silage. A completely randomized design (CRD) was employed. The significantly different results were then tested using Duncan's Multiple Test (DMRT). In summary, the addition of coffee husk tannins with a dose of 9g per 1kg of fresh silage presented the best quality elephant grass silage.</p> Suci Wulandari Rizki Amalia Nurfitriani Satria Budi Kusuma Copyright (c) 2023 Suci Wulandari, Rizki Amalia Nurfitriani, Satria Budi Kusuma http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.04 Using Different-Level of Leucaena leucocephala Leaves in Concentrated Feeds to Increase Goat Farming Production https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2750 <p>The potential of <em>Leucaena leucocephala </em>leaves as a protein supplement needs to be optimized. This research aims to evaluate the use of 10 to 40% <em>Leucaena leucocephala </em>leaves with 15% of crude protein to increase the production of goat farming. A total of 16 male Etawa (Jamnapari) goats with an average weight of 28.20±3.79 kg. The researchers analyzed the data using the Randomized Group Design with four treatments and four groups based on the subject's body weight. Each goat obtained basal feeds ad libitum and the concentrated feeds with 15% crude protein corresponding to each treatment <em>Leucaena leucocephala</em>-based concentrate (named KL, consisting of KL10%, KL20%, KL30%, and KL40%), reaching 1% of Body Weight. The supplementation of <em>Leucaena leucocephala </em>leaves showed an insignificant response (P&gt;0.05) over feed consumption, digestibility, and digested feed consumption yet significantly (P&lt;0.05) affecting the increase of body weight and feed conversion. The ADG (Average Daily Gain) of all treatments are KL10% = 84.00±27.95 g/head/day; KL20% = 99.29±40.02 g/head/day; KL30% = 67.00±45.51 g/head/day; KL40% = 88.50±23.62 g/head/day. In conclusion, the supplementation of 20% <em>Leucaena leuco</em>ce<em>phala</em> leaves in the concentrate of 15% crude protein results in an ADG increase reaching 99.29±40.02 g/head/day.</p> Eko Marhaeniyanto Sri Susanti Asmah Hidayati Copyright (c) 2023 Eko Marhaeniyanto, Sri Susanti, Asmah Hidayati http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.05 The Effect of Tamarind Seeds in Fermented Liquid Feed as Pig Feed on Nutrient and Tannin Content, Lactic Acid Bacteria Population, and Fiber Fraction https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2774 <p>Feed is the biggest cost in the pig livestock business, therefore it is necessary to do processing using fermentation technology by utilizing tamarind seeds in the liquid feed. This study aimed to determine the nutrient, tannins, and populations of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and fiber fraction. This study was undertaken in May-July 2021. The study consisted of 4 treatments, namely; R0: Fermented liquid feed (FLF) of 0% tamarind seeds, R10: FLF of 10% tamarind seeds, R20: FLF of 20% tamarind seeds, and R30: FLF of 30% tamarind seeds. This study was conducted on the experimental design using a Completely Randomized Designed (CRD). The study variables were nutrient content, tannin, LAB population, and fiber fraction. The results were analyzed quantitatively using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and the differences between treatments were further tested by DMRT. The results showed that the percentage of using tamarind seeds in a ratio up to 30% had a very significant effect (P&lt;0.01) on the nutrient content (dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, nitrogen-free extract (NFE), crude fat, and ash), anti-nutrient (tannin), fiber fraction (NDF, ADF, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin), but did not affect (P&gt;0.05) the population of lactic acid bacteria. In conclusion, the use of tamarind seeds up to 30% in liquid feed increases nutrient content (dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, nitrogen-free extract (NFE), and ash), anti-nutrient (tannin), and fiber fraction content (NDF, ADF, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin), but was able to reduce the crude fat content and had no impact on the population of lactic acid bacteria.</p> Redempta Wea Andy Yumima Ninu Maria Milka Nurak Bernadete Barek Koten Yustus Serani Nong Mbeong Copyright (c) 2023 Redempta Wea, Andy Yumima Ninu, Maria Milka Nurak, Bernadete Barek Koten, Yustus Serani Nong Mbeong http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.06 Influenced of the Liquid Chaya Leaves (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius) Supplementation on Growth Performance of the Quails https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2794 <p>The purposed of this study was to analysed the influenced of liquid Chaya leave (<em>Cnidoscolus aconitifolius</em>) to drinking water of quail starter. A total 30 Day-Old-Quail (DOQ) were used in this research. The experimental design in this study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The treatment consisted T0 = control; T1 = drinking water added Vita Chick; T2 = drinking water containing 2,5% chaya leaves extract; and T3 = drinking water containing 5% chaya leaves extract. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), if there were significantly different results, Duncan's test was performed. The study showed that chaya leaves extract supplementation had no significant effect (<em>p</em> &gt;0.05) for water intake, feed intake (FI), body weight (BW), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and mortality of quail starter. In summary, Chaya leaves infusion supplementation as much as 2.5% and 5% through drinking water with a frequency of twice a week has the best body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. Further research is needed regarding the effect of administering chaya leaves infusion, and the concentration of chaya leaves infusion on the laying period of quail eggs.</p> Raynesa Nurul Nurjanah Widya Hermana Yuli Retnani Copyright (c) 2023 Raynesa Nurul Nurjanah, Widya Hermana, Yuli Retnani http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-04 2023-08-04 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.07 Measurement of Efficiency Levels in Open House System Broiler Breeders in Malang Regency, Indonesia https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2555 <p>Broiler farming in Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia, has experienced rapid growth, significantly contributing to the regional economy. In this region, the open cage system is among the broiler cage systems that are commonly used. Therefore, this study aims to analyze 1) factors affecting growth, 2) factors causing technical inefficiency, and 3) technical, allocative, and economic efficiency. The results showed that factors such as day-old chicks (DOC), feed, and drugs positively affected broilers' development. However, there was a variation in the level of technical efficiency of 0.047 due to inefficient sources, which included the age of breeders, education level, work experience, number of family members, and employment status. Despite the variation in efficiency levels, the average breeder demonstrated high technical, allocative, and economic efficiency with values of 0.93, 0.99, and 0.92, respectively. This performance indicated that the average breeders had yet to reach peak efficiency but were categorized as high-efficiency. To further enhance productivity, broiler farming required additional DOC feed and adequate training for broiler breeders to maximize productivity and resource utilization. Based on these results, recommendations were made to provide loans to broiler farms with simple terms and conditions, specifically for purchasing DOC, feed, labor, medicines, and fuel.</p> Stepanus Pakage Budi Hartono Bambang Ali Nugroho Deny Anjelus Iyai Alnita Baaka Agustinus Gatot Murwanto John Arnold Palulungan Irba Unggul Warsono Trisiwi Wahyu Widayati Isti Widayati Dwi Nurhayati Noviyanti Rizky Arizona Purwaningsih Elfira Kariane Suawa Muhammad Affan Mu’in Mohammad Jen Wajo Sangle Y Randa Djonly Woran Copyright (c) 2023 Stepanus Pakage http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-07 2023-08-07 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.08 Identification of the Membrane-Associated Transporter Protein (MATP) Gene Polymorphism as Candidate Mutation for Albinism in Japanese Quail https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2751 <p>A pigmentation abnormality could be due to genetic mutation and trigger a disease related pigmentation deficiency such as albino which might be caused by mutation in membrane-associated transporter protein gene (<em>MATP</em>). The aim of this study was to identify polymorphism in the <em>MATP</em> exon 3 in Japanese quail. A total of nine Japanese quail consisting three brown plumage quail, three black plumage quail, and three albino quail were used in this study. Blood samples were used to extract the genomic Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and used to amplify exon 3 regions of the <em>MATP</em> by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The PCR products were then sequenced and analyzed. A total of 10 mutations were found, of which three mutations, g.4460G&gt;A, g.4479G&gt;A, and g.4514T&gt;C, were within exon 3. These mutations were synonymous and non-synonymous. No specific mutation for albino was found in this study. In summary those mutations did not specifically determine albinism in Japanese quail.</p> Laksita Haniifah Pratiwi Ratih Dewanti Muhammad Cahyadi Copyright (c) 2023 Laksita Haniifah Pratiwi, Ratih Dewanti, Muhammad Cahyadi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-08 2023-08-08 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.09 Price Behavior of Beef and Chicken Meat in Indonesia https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2724 <p>Stabilization of food prices is still a strategic issue in Indonesia. This is because most Indonesians use their income mostly for food. Various publications reported that Indonesian food expenditure is approximately half of their income. Therefore, maintaining price stability, including beef and chicken meat price, is a significant policy to design. However, the continuous difficulty in predicting how beef and chicken meat prices behave is another reason for the importance of analyzing the price behavior of these two commodities. This research aims to respond to these problems by analyzing price fluctuations and price trends in beef and chicken meat commodities in Indonesia. The data used is monthly beef and chicken meat prices in Indonesia from January 2018 until December 2022, or 60 observations. Analysis of price fluctuations (instability) and trend analysis is applied. The results show that commodity chicken meat has a higher instability (fluctuation) than beef price. Both beef and chicken meat trend show a quadratic pattern, with an increasing trend for beef and a decreasing trend for chicken meat.</p> Raslea Azalia Ketut Sukiyono Nola Windirah Copyright (c) 2023 Raslea Azalia, Ketut Sukiyono, Nola Windirah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-08 2023-08-08 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.10 Community Attitudes Towards Biosecurity in Animal Based Tourism https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2760 <p>Biosecurity is an effort to protect livestock and reduce the risk of spreading diseases that have a negative impact on livestock. This study aims to measure the attitude of the public towards the application of biosecurity. We surveyed 100 tourists who visited Sato Loka, which is an animal-based tourist object, using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and scoring. The results show that the travelers' attitudes for the cognitive, affective, and conative indicators were 92.9%, 92%, and 91%, respectively. These indicators are interrelated; cognitive indicators are related to knowledge, which is closely related to changes in one's attitude. The majority of tourists who visit are young tourists (17-25 years old). Young tourists have good cognitive abilities because they are able to absorb various information quickly so that it will influence their actions towards something. The study concludes that most tourists who visit Sato Loka have a very positive attitude towards the application of biosecurity, but there is still an attitude that needs to be enhanced further regarding the use of special footwear when entering the wildlife area in order to create a safe and comfortable tourist attraction, both for tourists and animal.</p> Devi Yunita Sari Fransiskus Trisakti Haryadi Michael Haryadi Wibowo Siti Andarwarti Yustina Yuni Suranindiyah Copyright (c) 2023 Devi Yunita Sari, Fransiskus Trisakti Haryadi, Michael Haryadi Wibowo, Siti Andarwarti, Yustina Yuni Suranindiyah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.11 The Effect of Type of Roof on Heat Tolerance Coefficient and Milk Production in Friesian Holstein Crossbred Cows https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2798 <p>The type of the roof is one of the factors affecting dairy production, especially in the tropics. Many physiological mechanisms are affected by air temperature and humidity which is affected by the type of roofs. The objectives of the research were to determine the effect of type of roofs that are asbestos-roofed and tile-roofed on Heat Tolerance Coefficient (HTC) and milk production in Holstein Friesian Crossbred (FHC) cows. The research was conducted in 18th August to 20th Septembre 2022 in the traditional farms in Pandesari village, Pujon District, Malang Regency. Material used was 25 FHC cows from 4 farmers that have tile-roofed stall and 22 cows from 4 farmers who had asbestos-roofed stall. Research method was a field study with purposive sampling. Data were analyzed using an unpaired t-test using Minitab software 17 version. Results showed that the type of roof had a significant effect (P&lt;0.05) on body temperature and milk production of FHC cows, but had no significant effect (P&gt;0.05) on respiratory rates and HTC of FHC cattle. The air temperature of the tile-roofed cage was 21.88 ± 3.18 oC with humidity of 84.94 ± 13.18%, while the air temperature of the asbestos-roofed cage was 22.21 ± 3.40 °C with humidity of 73.94 ± 9.46 %. The body temperature of the FHC cow in the asbestos-roofed cage was 38.62 ± 0.46 oC while in the tile-roofed cage it was 38.33 ± 0.30°C. The respiratory rates of cows in asbestos-roofed cages was 38.01 ± 5.23 times/minute while in tile-roofed cages it was 36.14 ± 6.00 times/minute. HTC of cows in the asbestos-roofed cage was 2.66 ± 0.24 while in the tile-roofed cage it was 2.57 ± 0.26. Daily milk production of FHC cows in asbestos-roofed pens was 9.06 ± 4.23 liters/day/head while in tile-roofed pens it was 12.47 ± 3.84 liters/day/head.</p> Sucik Maylinda F Riskila Copyright (c) 2023 Sucik Maylinda, F Riskila http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-21 2023-08-21 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.12 Morphometric Traits of Pote Goats Raised in Lowland Areas of Madura Island https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2773 <p>This study aimed to investigated the morphometric characteristics of Pote goats, a local Indonesian goat breed found in Bangkalan Regency, East Java Province. A total of 139 respondents participated in the study, providing 622 female and male Pote goats aged over three months as research materials. This study employed a descriptive research method, including surveys and interviews, to retrieve data using purposive sampling technique. Quantitative data, such as body weight and body size, were analyzed descriptively using the average and standard deviation. Qualitative data, including body color, facial shape/profile, horns, beard, papillae, rewos fur, and udder shape, were analyzed using phenotypic frequency. The findings of this study revealed that Pote goats in Bangkalan are a small type of local Indonesian goat based on the body weight of an adult female and a large type based on shoulder height. Body weight and body size were found to increase with age. Furthermore, the dominant qualitative characteristics of Pote goats in Bangkalan include white color on the body, convex facial profile, drooping and widened ears with relatively short size, straight right and left horns, mane ruff, no papillae, and jug-shaped udder.</p> Abdul Rohman Tri Eko Susilorini Kuswati Kuswati Copyright (c) 2023 Abdul Rohman, Eko, Kuswati http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-22 2023-08-22 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.13 Mapping the Reproductive Support Capacity of Beef Cattle as an Effort to Intensify Rearing in the Baluran National Park Area https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2745 <p>Since the 1960s, or for four generations, farmers who live close to Baluran National Park have been grazing or raising beef cattle extensively illegally. Since there is not enough forage for beef cattle, their presence in the Baluran National Park area interferes with the preservation of wildlife. This is brought on by the shortage of forage. Farmers continue to use the traditional rearing method, which was self-taught and is not supported by systematic recording. As a result, there is a high risk of inbreeding, difficult calving, and disease contracting, particularly in cases of cattle collapses and outbreaks of FMD in even hoofed animals like cows. The absence of livestock extension staff in the region contributes to farmers' lack of understanding about reproduction, particularly estrus detection and illness prevention. The Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Service, Situbondo Regency, and the Community and Livestock Research Group (CLRG) Team of the Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, have worked together to aid in the form of <em>Indigofera sp</em>. seeds as forage for animal feed, forage processing technology into silage, the concept of communal pens (groups) for farmers, and facilitate the formation of the Lembu Brawijaya. Direct observation of beef cattle and interviews with farmers and Baluran National Park personnel will be the research methods employed in the project. The outcomes of this study can serve as a guide for figuring out the best course of action for increasing livestock productivity and intensive rearing. It is also expected that cattle will not grazed in the Baluran National Park area and restore its function as a biosphere conservation area. Farmers can monitor their cattle better when they raise them intensively, which is supported by systematic recording and disease prevention.</p> Achadiah Rachmawati Rositawati Indrati Anie Eka Kusumasti Mas Ayu Ambayoen Siti Azizah Leni Sri Pangesti Copyright (c) 2023 Achadiah Rachmawati, Rositawati Indrati, Anie Eka Kusumasti, Mas Ayu Ambayoen, Siti Azizah, Leni Sri Pangesti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-22 2023-08-22 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.14 Reproductive Profile of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens L.) on Different Rearing Substrates as Ruminant Feed https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2799 <p>There is lack of evidence on the black soldier fly (<em>Hermetia Illucens L.</em>) and its use as a biological control and waste recycle agent. Unknown information related with mating and ovipositional activities. The aim of this research is to determine the reproductive profile and its manure of the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens L.) through different rearing substrate as ruminant feed. A total of 4 treatments and 4 replicates were used in this experiment. The treatment diet was formulated as follows: T0: dry fermented cow waste, T1: 21% of crude protein, T2: 22% of protein, T3: 23% of protein. The data was analyzed using ODA SAS on an academic general linear model (GLM). The result showed using different rearing substrates gave insignificant differences (<em>p</em> &gt; 0.05) on the reproductive profile, nutritional content, and manure nutritional content. In summary, the use of different leves of protein can be used as the rearing substrate without any adverse effects.</p> Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti Nurul Isnaini Sri Wahjuningsih Ardyah Ramadhina Irsanti Putri Hanief Eko Sulistyo Copyright (c) 2023 Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti, Nurul Isnaini, Sri Wahjuningsih, Ardyah Ramadhina Irsanti Putri, Hanief Eko Sulistyo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-08-28 2023-08-28 33 2 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.15