Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip <div class="dc" style="position: absolute; left: -9091px;">With PayPal you can enjoy the thrill of playing your favourite casino games without worrying about payment methods, security and frauds. There are many online casino sites that offer <a href="https://gamblingcomet.com/online-roulette-paypal/">best online roulette PayPal</a> as a payment method but you can be sure that these sites are genuine and reliable. Once you have access to your PayPal account, use it to pay for your transactions instantly and effortlessly. You may also get additional bonuses by registering with a number of other online casinos. To get started with PayPal, visit our website.</div><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)</strong> is a journal published and managed by the Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya in collaboration with Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia (ISPI). It is a peer-reviewed journal published three times a year and now actively using Open Journal System (OJS). This journal mediates the dissemination of researchers from various disciplines in animal science, such as animal feed and nutrition; animal reproduction, genetics, and production; social and economic; and animal products and technology. The access to entire articles in this journal is free. The editorial goal is to provide a forum exchange and an interface between academia, industry, government and society in the field of animal science and technology.</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)</strong> or <strong>JIIP</strong> has been indexed in Garba Rujukan Digital (Garuda), Google Scholar, SINTA, ISJD, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE), DOAJ, Scilit, DRJI, and CiteFactor. Based on Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (SK No. 148/M/KPT/2020), it<strong> has been accredited</strong> as the scientific journal with category<strong> “Sinta 2”</strong> for five years<strong>.</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">We accept submission from all over the world. All submitted articles shall never be published elsewhere, must be original and not under consideration for other publication.</p><p style="text-align: justify;"> </p><p>Distinguished Researchers and Academicians,</p><p>Starting form 2022, all manuscripts should be submitted with good English and clear phrasing.</p> en-US Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" target="_self">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol type="a"><ol type="a"><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> jiip@ub.ac.id (Siti Azizah) jiip@ub.ac.id (Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti) Mon, 29 Aug 2022 10:08:35 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Innovation characteristics and technology adoption on Probio_FM in the implementation of an integrated farming system in Bangka Tengah https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/922 The strategy to disseminate innovative technology is vital. It expects the technology to be effective and can be adopted. The assessment of the perception of farmers towards the characteristics of innovative technology is needed to identify the potential implementation of sustainability. The study aims to understand the characteristics of technology innovation of Probio_FM in the food processing of palm oil and to examine the impact of innovation characteristics on the adoption of innovation. The survey was employed as the research method. Structural equation modeling with smart partial least squares was used to analyze the data. The study discovered that the innovation characteristics and adoption of Probio_FM technology were relative advantages, compatibility, complexity, liability, and observability. The innovation characteristics had a significant impact on the adoption process. Technology innovation was accepted by society. The variable of relative advantage, trialability, and compatibility was the most important innovation characteristic of livestock farmers in the process of adoption of Probio_FM technology in food processing of palm oil. Rufti Puji Astuti, Novyandra Ilham Bahtera, Fournita Agustina Copyright (c) 2022 Rufti Puji Astuti, Novyandra Ilham Bahtera, Fournita Agustina https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/922 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Egg production and blood cholesterol of layers fed after adding fragrant pandan leaf flour (Pandanus amarylifolius Roxb.) https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1089 This study aimed to determine the performance of eggs and blood cholesterol of laying hens fed with fragrant pandan leaf flour<em> </em>(<em>Pandanus amarylifolius </em>Roxb). A total of 200 laying hens were used in the study, with 5 treatments and 5 replications, each filled with 8 chickens. The research design used was completely randomized (CRD), and further analysis was conducted using Duncan's Multiple Range Test. Treatments given fragrant pandan flour were 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4%. This research was conducted for 8 weeks. Parameters included: ration consumption (g/head), ration conversion, egg weight (g), Hen Day Production (%), blood cholesterol (mg/ml), blood HDL (mg/dl) and blood LDL (mg/dl). Results showed that the use of fragrant pandan leaf flour up to 4% gave a very significant effect (P &lt; 0.01) on conversion, hen day egg weight production, blood cholesterol, blood HDL, and blood LDL, but not significantly different (P &gt; 0.05) on ration consumption. The study concluded that using up to 4% of fragrant pandan leaf flour increases egg production and reduces ration conversion, blood cholesterol, blood HDL, and blood LDL of laying hens and ration consumption and does not cause negative effects on the laying hens. Jein Rinny Leke, E. Wantasen, J. Laihad, E. Pudjihastuti, A. Podung, R. Siahaan Copyright (c) 2022 Jein Rinny Leke https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1089 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The effect of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peel meal on internal organs, ileal coliform, and growth performances in broiler chickens https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2500 <p>The study evaluated the effect of feeding red dragon fruit (<em>Hylocereus polyrhizus</em>) peel meal on internal organs, ileal coliform counts, and growth performances in broiler chicken. A total of 96 birds of unsexed one-day-old broiler (Ross strain) were randomly divided into four dietary treatments and six replications with four birds each. The dietary treatments were basal diet as a control diet (DPM0), basal diet added with 0.5% red dragon fruit peel meal (DPM1), and 1% red dragon fruit peel meal (DPM2), and 1.5% red dragon fruit peel meal (DPM3). The cecum and carcass percentage in the broiler was significantly enhanced (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05). At the same time, the coliform total in the ileum and abdominal fat were significantly decreased (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05) with the increasing level of feeding dragon fruit peel meal. The difference in other internal organs' feed intake and body weight gain during the treatments were insignificant (<em>p</em>&gt;0.05) after five weeks of feeding. In conclusion, the red dragon fruit peel meal effectively<em> </em>improves growth performance and gut health by increasing carcass percentage and decreasing abdominal fat production and ileal coliform count in broiler chickens.</p> Iis Yuanita, Lisnawaty Silitonga, Hanna Oktaviani Br. Ginting, Elysabet Christiani, Lisna Lisna, Rizky Fajar, Efraim Tobias Copyright (c) 2022 Iis Yuanita https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2500 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Evaluation of the Use of Date Seed Flour in Feed on the Small Intestine Characteristics of Broiler https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2619 <p>The purpose of this study was to determine and evaluate the use of date seed flour in feed on the small intestine characteristics of broilers. This study used 200 Day Old Chick (DOC) broilers with type MB 202. This study used a field experiment method with a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments used were P0: basal feed without the use of date seed flour (DSF), P1: basal feed using 2.5% DSF, P2: basal feed using 5% DSF, P3: basal feed using 7.5% DSF, P4: basal feed using 10% DSF. The variables measured in this study were the number of villi, villi height, villi surface area, crypt depth, digesta pH, and digesta viscosity. The data obtained during the study were processed using Microsoft Excel software and analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test if the results obtained were significantly different (P&lt;0.05) or very significantly different (P&lt; 0.01). This study gave results that were not significantly different (P&gt;0.05) on the number of villi, villi height, villi surface area, crypt depth, and digesta pH. However, this study was able to give very significantly different results (P&lt;0.01) in digesta viscosity. The conclusion of this study is the use of date seed flour in feed up to 10% was able to give good results on the number of villi, villi height, villi surface area, crypt depth, and digesta pH of the small intestine of broilers, but it has not been able to give good results on the digesta viscosity of the small intestine of broilers.</p> Ilmiatus Sholichatunnisa, Muhammad Halim Natsir, Tri Eko Susilorini, Danung Nur Adli, Osfar Sjofjan Copyright (c) 2022 osfar sjofjan https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2619 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The role of the digitized milk collection point in increasing milk quality and income of smallholder dairy farmers in Pangalengan-Bandung https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/992 The low quality of fresh milk has become one of the main constraints smallholder dairy farmers face in almost all developing countries, including Indonesia. The low quality of fresh milk has resulted in lower prices received by farmers. It can even result in the rejection of milk by milk processors, which is detrimental to smallholder farmers. This paper aims to analyze the impact of automated and digitized milk collection points (AD-MCPs) on the quality of fresh milk, the price of milk, and smallholder dairy farmers' income in Pangalengan, Bandung, West Java. The data and information of 300 households are part of the baseline survey of 600 smallholder dairy farmers in four districts of West Java between July and September 2017. The results show that AD-MCP facilities have successfully encouraged smallholder dairy farmers to adopt and implement improved management practices to increase dairy cows' productivity and fresh milk quality, resulting in increased prices and farm income.   Therefore, the government needs to endorse, facilitate, and accelerate the development of AD-MCPs to increase domestic fresh milk production, quality of fresh milk, and dairy farmers' income. AD-MCP development is implemented through a partnership between dairy farmers, cooperatives, and milk processors. Erwidodo Erwidodo, Tri Bastuti Purwantini, Iwan Setiajie Anugrah, Ening Ariningsih, Handewi Purwati Saliem, Erma Suryani Copyright (c) 2022 Erwidodo Erwidodo, Iwan Setiajie Anugrah, Tri Bastuti Purwantini, Ening Ariningsih, Erma Suryani, Handewi Purwati Saliem https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/992 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics Analysis in Texel Crossed , Dorper and Fat Tailed Sheep https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2522 <p>The aims of present study was to evaluate the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of imported sheep such as Texel crossed and Dorper sheep, compared with local sheep (Fat Tail Sheep/FTS) in almost the same region, namely Pujon and Karangkates. This research was a field research with case study methods and research materials as many as 39 for Texel crossed sheep, 19 for Dorper sheep and 37 for FTS. The age of the sheep ranges from 1.5 to 3 years (some have their first calf). Qualitative data were analyzed by Population Genetics Analysis and quantitative data were analyzed by One-Way Design Anova using Minitab software version 13. The results showed that: (1) Qualitative traits in Texel crossed , Dorper and FTS sheep showed that some traits underwent fixation where one of the traits was fixed. One allele in Texel crossed and Dorper sheep has disappeared and no longer exist in its origin place such as horned and hornless traits, white body color and black head, erect ears, while in FTS sheep it is still polymorphic, especially in the hornless and drooping ears in FTS. The white color on the FTS seems to have been fixed, because the dominant gene frequency/ p = 1 and the recessive gene frequency/ q = 0. (2) The quantitative traits such as body weight, in which the body weights of the Texel crossed , Dorper and FTS breed were different in the study, and the Dorper sheep the highest body weights, while the body weights of Texel crossed and FTS sheep were almost the same. Dorper sheep had the highest head index, and Texel crossed sheep and FTS sheep had the same head index. It was concluded that Texel crossed and Dorper sheep had many fixed qualitative characteristics such as horns, erect and drooping ears, white body color and black head in FTS sheep were quite polymorphic in horns and erect and drooping ears. The best growth of Dorper sheep because Dorper sheep was originated from a crossing between Dorset and Black Persian sheep.</p> Sucik Maylinda, VM. A. Nurgiartingsih, N. Isnaeni, S. B. Siswijono, A. Furqon Copyright (c) 2022 Sucik Maylinda https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2522 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effects of the Inclusion of Star Gooseberry (Sauropus androgynus) Leaf Meal in Ration on Physical and Nutritional Quality of KUB Chicken Breast Meat https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1092 <p>Local chickens are among the enormous poultry genetic sources in Indonesia. These chickens are potential to develop as they are found in big population throughout the country. Chicken meat is a nutritious food containing nutrients including carbohydrate, protein, fat, water, minerals, and vitamins in balanced proportion. Improvement of nutritive contents of Balitnak Superior Local Chicken (KUB chicken) meat can be achieved by providing the chickens with quality and nutritious feed. The inclusion of star gooseberry leaf meal can be an alternative as it is nutritious, cheap, and plenty. This study was aimed at assessing effects of star gooseberry leaf meal (SGLM) inclusion in ration on physical and nutritional quality<strong> </strong>of KUB chicken breast meat. Ninety-six (KUB chickens) aged 7 days were allocated into 4 treatments and 4 replicates in a completely randomized design. Treatments consisted of 0% SGLM inclusion in ration (R0), 1% SGLM inclusion in ration (R1), 2% SGLM inclusion in ration (R2), and 3% SGLM inclusion in ration (R3). Data were subjected to an analysis of variance (anova) and a Duncan test. Results showed that treatments significantly increased (P&lt;0.05) water but not (P&gt;0.05) ash, fat, and protein contents of breast meat. Meat water holding capacity, cooking loss, and tenderness were found to be improved (P&lt;0,05) but no different (P&gt;0.05) meat pH was observed.</p> Anggraeni Anggraeni, Burhanudin Malik, Dewi Wahyuni, Novi Sidroh Farida, Wira Fadillah Suroso Copyright (c) 2022 Anggraeni Anggraeni, Burhanudin Malik, Dewi Wahyuni, Novi Sidroh Farida, Wira fadillah Suroso https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1092 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Perception of Bali cattle farmers on the performance of Extensionist based on agroecosystems at Timor Island https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/793 This research aims to determine the perception of farmers on the performance of Extensionist in the agroecosystems of pasture, agriculture, plantation, and forest at Timor Island, so that it can be information for improving the performance of extension workers who have an impact on repair the welfare of farmers. This research was conducted from January to December 2018. The research location was determined purposively representing the agroecosystem of pasture, agriculture, plantation and forest. The determination of respondents are 5-10% of the number of farmers in each agroecosystem that has &gt; 10 Bali cattle. Data collection methods are done through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data processing method uses a Likert Scale, then analyzed decriptivelly. Indicators to measure the performance of livestock Extensionist based on Extensionist profile, materials and methods, procurement of activities, availability of teaching aids, and intensity of extension activities. The results showed that farmers' perceptions at agroecosystems of pasture, agriculture, plantation, and forest toward livestock extensionist in the category agreed that the existence of extensionist could be said well in aspects of Extensionist profile, materials and methods, and procurement of activities. This condition explains that Extensionist in carrying out his duties and functions in the field in accordance with existing standards, namely as a mediator, motivator, educator, communicator, facilitator, and assistance/visits. Nevertheless, it is very necessary to improve and repair the role of Extensionist related to competence so that it can influence farmers to be more productive in developing Bali cattle farming business them. Then Bali cattle farmers in the pasture agroecosystem with the highest value of the use of teaching aids by extensionist were 2 kinds (44,0%). Then the average farmers in agricultural agroecosystems with the highest value of the use of teaching aids by extensionist is 1 kind (40,2%). Next, the average of farmers in plantation agroecosystems with the highest value of using teaching aids by Extensionist are &gt; 2 kinds (47,9%). While the average farmers in forest agroecosystems with the highest value of the use of teaching aids by Extensionist is 1 kind (&gt;77,3%). While the intensity of extension activities during the past year shows that the average farmers in agroecosystems of pasture (70,7%), agriculture (59,8%), plantations (50,0%), and forests (68,2%) said more from 1 time. Luis Marnisah, Jefirstson Richset Riwukore, Fellyanus Habaora, Asnath Maria Fuah, Luki Abdullah, Rudy Priyanto, Ahmad Yani, Bagus Priyo Purwanto Copyright (c) 2022 Fellyanus Haba Ora https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/793 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Study of the quality and integrity of spermatozoa acrosome caps in frozen sexing semen Friesian Holstein cattle https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2609 <p><span>Artificial insemination (AI) of dairy cows using sexing semen is the right choice to obtain female calves as <em>replacement stock</em>. The success of AI is influenced by the quality of the spermatozoa used. The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of semen produced by Lembang Artificial Insemination Center. The material used is 30 frozen semen straws of FH cattle produced by Lembang Artificial Insemination Center. This research method uses observational methods. The research variables included individual motility, viability, abnormalities, concentration, total motile spermatozoa, and intact acrosome caps of spermatozoa. The data obtained were analyzed by the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test and continued with Duncan's test if significantly different. The results showed that individual motility, concentration, total motile spermatozoa, and intact acrosome caps of spermatozoa had a very significant effect on all treatments (P&lt;0.01), while spermatozoa abnormalities had a significant effect (P&lt;0.05) on all treatments, but on viability, there was no effect (P&gt; 0.05) in all treatments. Motility of individual spermatozoa in non-<em>sexing</em> semen (55.80±4.56)%, sperm X (46.30±5.36)%, sperm Y (46.70±6.40)%. Viability of spermatozoa in non-<em>sexing</em> semen (74.57±4.05)%, sperm X (73.24±2.30)%, sperm Y (72.51±2.68)%. Spermatozoa abnormalities in non-<em>sexing</em> semen (2.73±2.24)%, sperm X (4.94±1.57)%, sperm Y (3.25±2.72)%. Concentration of non-<em>sexing</em> semen (33.88±1.98 million/mini straw), sperm X (25.06±4.29 million/mini straw), sperm Y (25.13±5.74 million/mini straw). The number of sperm motile non-sexing (18.60±1.58 million/mini straw), sperm X (11.68±2.82 million/mini straw), sperm Y (25, 11.64±2.68 million/mini straw). Intact acrosome caps, non-sexing semen (78.40±4.84)%, sperm X (74.08±3.80)%, sperm Y (70.70±4.78)%.</span></p> Sitiadira Aulia Aldini, Nurul Isnaini, Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti, Trinil Susilawati Copyright (c) 2022 Sitiadira Aulia Aldini https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2609 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Salted egg agroindustry in Brebes during the covid-19 pandemic https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1051 <p><span lang="IN">This study aims to describe changes in the agro-industrial activities of salted eggs in Brebes Regency during the Covid-19 pandemic, both in marketing and agro-industrial processes. This research was conducted from January to April 2021. A total of 135 active salted egg agroindustries located in 12 sub-districts of 17 subdistricts in Brebes Regency were applied in this study. The research sample was 50 industries determined by purposive random sampling, namely districts with the most significant number of salted egg agroindustries (Brebes, Bulakamba, and Warnasari Regencies). Respondents are the owners of salted egg agroindustries who were selected as samples. Primary data (marketing distribution of salted eggs and salted egg processing technology) were collected by interview using a questionnaire and observation. Secondary data were collected by recording related documents from the government and the Central Bureau of Statistics of Brebes Regency. Data on the distribution of egg processing technology was analyzed descriptively. During the Covid-19 pandemic, producers had difficulty obtaining raw materials during a pandemic which triggered a 59% decline in salted egg production followed by a decrease in demand. Changes in salting salted eggs did not occur during the Covid-19 pandemic despite a decline in production. Salted egg producers do not reduce the quality of the salting method. As many as 30% of salted egg producers produce a combination of original, grilled, and baked flavors.</span></p> Muhamad Hasdar, Ludfia Windyasmara Copyright (c) 2022 Muhamad Hasdar https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1051 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The partnership study of Brahman cross in East Java https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2535 <p>This research aimed to know the revenue of beef cattle (Brahman cross) partnership system between feedlot companies and cattle farmers; observed the factors that affect the revenue from the sale of free-lactating cows and reared calves. Data collecting through the total sampling method by filling out questionnaires from 24 cattle farmers in four regions in East Java such as of Probolinggo Regency, Bojonegoro Regency, Batu City, and Malang Regency. The number of cattle (Brahman cross) raised is 155 pregnant heifers and 32 calves. The results showed that farmers suffered a loss from Probolinggo district with IDR 3,515.733, Bojonegoro Regency IDR 5,157,770, Malang Regency IDR 3,161,165 and Batu City amounted to IDR 2,247,017 in one period/animal Unit (AU). The factors that affect revenue were analyzed using multiple regression tests. The results showed that the factors such as the scale of ownership, number of family dependents, and production costs have a significant level (p value&lt;0.05) that affect the revenue. The other factors like farmer age, education level, the experience of farming, and labor scale have no significant effect on the revenue of cattle farmers (p value&gt;0.05).</p> Syahriar Andinata, Budi Hartono, Umi Wisaptiningsih Copyright (c) 2022 Syahriar andinata https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2535 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The effectiveness of cassava leaf meal (Manihot esculenta Crantz) in feed with enzymes supplementation on Broiler digestive organs https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2542 This research aimed to evaluate the effect of cassava leaf meal with enzyme supplementation in feed on the digestive organs of the broiler. The research used a completely randomized factorial design on 48 Cobb-strain broilers distributed into two observation factors and four replications (consisting of 2 samples). The observation factor is factor 1 is the addition of cassava leaf meal (0%; 1.5%; and 3.0%), and the second factor is the addition of non-starch polysaccharides and protease enzymes with each dose of 250 g/ton feed (with and without enzymes). The variables analyzed were the relative weight of the digestive organs, the relative weight of the parts of the small intestine, and the relative length of the parts of the small intestine. The data obtained were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), and if the results indicated significantly different, then the posthoc test was conducted. The results showed that the addition of cassava leaf meal could increase the relative weight of the gizzard significantly (p&lt;0.05). The addition of enzymes can significantly decrease the relative weight of the gizzard, small intestine, pancreas, ileum, and the relative length of the duodenum and ileum (p&lt;0.05). The use of cassava leaf meal in the feed up to 3.0% does not interfere with digestive organs. There was no interaction between cassava leaf meal and enzymes on size response of digestibility broiler organ. The addition of enzymes can offset the detrimental effects caused by the use of cassava leaf meals in feed. Ririn Angriani, Widya Hermana, Muhammad Ridla Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Ridla https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2542 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of sex ratio and age parent to consumption feed, weight eggs and conversion ration on birds quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2557 <p>Birds quail (Coturnix Coturnix japonica) is a type of bird lots of quail maintained in the community have morphology i.e. small body, round and tail short Setyawn, Sudjarwo, Widodo, and Prayogi (2011) stated that bird quail is one community poultry of the genus Coturnix which can be generated as producer eggs and meat. Destination from study this for knowing the effect of sex ratio and age parent to consumption feed, weight eggs, and conversion feed. Method study is test design Random Complete (RAL) pattern factorial with 2 factors, namely factor 1 is Sex Ratio and factor 2 is age parent with every 3 treatments and 3 replications. Research results show the sex ratio does not give influence real on consumption feed, the weight of eggs, and conversion feed. Average consumption feed of 675.63 (g/ head) to 683.61 (g/ head), average weight egg of 11.28 (g/ item) to 11.60 (g/ item), and the average conversion ration of 5.63 to 6.08. Influence to age parent gives influence that is not real to consumption feed, weight eggs, and conversion feed. Average consumption feed as big as 677.17 (g/ head) to 679.74 (g/ head), average weight egg of 11.28 (g/ item) to 11.55 (g/ item), and the average conversion ration of 5.71 (g/ head ) to 5.92 (g/ head ). Interaction balance male-female and age parent no give influence real to consumption feed, weight eggs, and conversion feed. The conclusion from the research is the influence of the balance of male-female and the age of the parent no give influence the consumption of feed, the weight of eggs, and conversion of feed.</p> Febrianto Lu Hamanay, Muharlien Muharlien, Edhy Sudjarwo Copyright (c) 2022 Febrianto Lu Hamanay https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/2557 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of heat stress in dairy cows related to physiological responses https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/958 <p>Climate change will continue to occur in the years to come and threaten dairy cows. As a result of climate change, various risks can change due to changing ecological conditions in various places on earth. The study aimed to assess heat stress in dairy cows (calf, heifer, lactating, and dry cow). The heat stress assessment method uses the equation presented by the temperature-humidity index (THI). Heart rate, respiratory rate, and rectal temperature are physiological parameters to determine heat stress. The data collection of cattle's temperature, humidity, and physiological parameters was carried out simultaneously. Data analysis used one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's further test. The results of the heat stress assessment showed that the THI values reached 82.8 and 78.2 in the afternoon and evening, causing the calves, lactating cow, and dry cow to be exposed to heat stress. The rectal temperature of the calf increased by 39.1<sup>0</sup>C, the heart rate and respiration rate of lactating cows increased by 66.5-69.2 times/minute and 51.7 times/minute, and the respiration rate of dry cows increased by 49.2 times/minute. Efforts are needed to control heat stress in dairy cows at all age phases so that dairy cows are in comfortable environmental conditions.</p> Kartika Budi Utami, Budi Purwo Widiarso Copyright (c) 2022 kartika budi utami https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/958 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The use of peppermint (Mentha piperita) leaves meal reduces ammonia excreta, increases egg production, and egg quality of laying hens https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1087 A study was carried out to determine the effect of peppermint (Mentha piperita) leaves meal on ammonia production, dry matter excreta, egg production, and the quality of laying hens. A total of 80 laying hens of Lohmann Strain aged 20 weeks old were used as experimental animals. The birds were allocated in individual battery pens. The 20-week-old laying hens were vaccinated for New Castle diseases protection by using Vaksimune®ND B1on day 5 after arrival. The hens were kept for 8 weeks and fed four experimental diets. The diets used were basal diet (BSL), basal + 1% peppermint leaves meal (PLM) (BSL+1PLM), basal + 2% PLM (BSL+2PLM) and basal + 3% PLM (BSL + 3PLM). Feed and drinking water were present at all times. Parameters measured were ammonia concentration, dry matter excreta, hen day production, total egg mass, feed intake, FCR, dry matter digestibility, and quality of 14-days-stored eggs. A completely randomized design with 4 experimental diets and 5 replications was used. Data collected from this study were analyzed by using analysis of variance and tested with the Tukey test. The addition of peppermint leaf meal reduced ammonia production and increases dry matter excreta, total egg mass production, and dry matter digestibility. The Haugh unit, yolk height, and albumen height were improved when the eggs were kept for 14 days at room temperature. The addition of peppermint leaves meal decreased the mass loss of 14 days-stored eggs. In conclusion, supplementation of diets with peppermint leaf meal decreased ammonia concentration and watery excreta and increased the quality of eggs stored for 14 days at room temperature. Asril Adjis, Rizal Tantu, Sri Sarjuni, Jihan Aditia Dwi Putri, Rizky Kumalasari, Burhanudin Sundu, Ummiani Hatta Copyright (c) 2022 Asril Adjis, Ummiani Hatta, Rizal Tantu, Burhanudin Sundu, Juniandri Juniandri https://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/1087 Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000