The effect of supplementation perilla seeds (Perilla frutescens) in the diets on feed consumption and digestibility nutrients on ducks




Perilla seeds, Duck, Nutrient digestibility, Feed consumptions, Supplementation


This study aims to determine the digestibility of perilla seeds (Perilla frutescens) in 3 levels (0, 2.5, and 5%) in rations given to local ducks. The research material used was male Mojosari ducks (Day Old Duck) with as many as 90 tails, with an average initial body weight of 35.36 grams. The ration consists of ground corn, pollard, fine bran, soybean meal (SBM), vitamin premix, and perilla seed supplementation. Livestock was separated by three treatments, P0: 100% basal ration without supplementation of Perilla frutescens L seeds; P1: 97.5% basal ration + 2.5% supplementation of Perilla frutescens L. seeds; P2: 95% basal ration + 5% supplementation of Perilla frutescens L. seeds. Duck ducks are kept for two months. The variables observed were crude protein digestibility, crude fat, crude fiber, and organic matter. The results showed a very significant effect (P <0.05) on the digestibility of crude protein, crude fat, and crude fiber and an insignificant effect (P> 0.05) on the digestibility of organic matter and feed consumption. Supplementation of perilla seeds can increase the digestibility of fat and fiber but decreases protein digestibility.


Anggorodi, R. 1995. Nutrisi Aneka Ternak Unggas. PT Gramedia. Jakarta.

Asif, M., & Kumar, A. (2010). Nutritional and functional characterizations of perilla frutescens seed oil and evaluation of its effect on gastrointestinal motility. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Bouvarel, I., Barrier-Guillot, B., Larroude, P., Boutten, B., Leterrier, C., Merlet, F., … Picard, M. (2004). Sequential feeding programs for broiler chickens: Twenty-four- and forty-eight-hour cycles. Poultry Science, 83(1), 49–60.

Deng, K. P., F. Wang., T.W. Ma., Z. Wang., X. Q. Yu., I. R. Ding., X. Q. Tao & Y. X. Fan. (2017). Influence of dietary Perilla frutescens seed level on growth performance, rumen fermentation characteristics and nutrient apparent digestibility of Hu sheep. Acta Prataculturae Sin. 26: 205-212.

DJPKH. (2018). Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan 2018/ Livestock and Animal Health Statistics 2018. Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan Kementerian Pertanian RI.

El-Husseiny, O. M., Abo-El-Ella, M. A., Abd-Elsamee, M. O., & Abd-Elfattah, M. M. (2007). Respon of Broilers Performance to Dietary Betaine and Folic Acid at Different Methionine Levels. International Journal of Poultry Science, 6(7), 515–523. 10.3923/ijps.2007.515.523

Hadi, R. F., & Sudiyono. (2019). Effect of dietary supplementation of frutescens seeds (Perilla Frutescens L.) on growth performance, slaughter weight, carcass weight, and meat quality of male local duck Effect of dietary supplementation of frutescens seeds ( Perilla Frutescens L .). In IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering (pp. 1–5). Surakarta: IOP Publishing. 1757-899X/633/1/012013

Hong, E., & Kim, G. H. (2010). Comparison of extraction conditions for phenolic, flavonoid content and determination of rosmarinic acid from Perilla frutescens var. acuta. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 45(7), 1353–1359. https: // 2250.x

Hsu, J.C., LI. Chen and B. Yu. 2000. Effect of levels of crude fiber on growth performances and intestinal carbohydrase of domestic gosling. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13 (10): 1450– 1455.

Hurwitz, S., Sklan, D., Talpaz, H., & Plavnik, I. (1998). The Effect of Dietary Protein Level on the Lysine and Arginine Requirements of Growing Chickens. Poultry Science, 77(5), 689–696. 93/ ps/77.5.689

Irawan, I., Sunarti, D., & Mahfudz, L. D. (2012). Pengaruh Pemberian Pakan Bebas Pilih Terhadap Kecernaan Protein Burung Puyuh. Animal Agriculture Journal, 1(2), 238–245.

Jayanegara, A., & Palupi, E. (2010). Condensed tannin effects on nitrogen digestion in ruminants: A meta-analysis from in Vitro and in Vivo studies. Media Peternakan, 33(3), 176–181. pet.2010.33.3.176

Kamran, Z., Sarwar, M., Nisa, M., Nadeem, M. A., Mahmood, S., Babar, M. E., & Ahmed, S. (2008). Effect of low-protein diets having constant energy-to-protein ratio on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens from one to thirty-five days of age. Poultry Science, 87(3), 468–474.

Lee, J. H., Park, K. H., Lee, M. H., Kim, H. T., Seo, W. D., Kim, J. Y., Ha, T. J. (2013). Identification, characterisation, and quantification of phenolic compounds in the antioxidant activity-containing fraction from the seeds of Korean Perilla (Perilla frutescens) cultivars. Food Chemistry, 136(2), 843–852.

Leeson, S., and J. D. Summers. 1997. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. Second Edition. University Books, Canada.

Leke, J. R., M. Najoan dan O. Sjofjan. 2012. Nilai kecernaan zat-zat gizi limbah Ikan Cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis L) pada Ayam Kampung. Workshop Nasional Unggas Lokal. Universitas Sam Ratulangi. Manado. Hal : 129 – 134.

Liu, T.B. (2008). Extraction of tannin and phytic acid from perilla seed meal. China Oils Fat 9: 47-50.

Longvah, T., & Deosthale, Y. G. (1991). Chemical and nutritional studies on hanshi (perilla frutescens), a traditional oilseed from northeast india. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 68(10), 781–784.

Maghfiroh, K., Mangisah, I. V., & D. Y. B. Ismadi. (2012). Pengaruh penambahan sari jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantifolia) dalam ransum terhadap kecernaan protein kasar dan retensi nitrogen pada itik magelang jantan . Animal Agriculture Journal, 1(1), 669–683.

Maynard, L.A. Loosil, J.K. Hintz, H.F and Warner, R.G. 2005. Animal Nutrition. (7th Edition) McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York, USA.

McSweeney, C. S., Palmer, B., McNeill, D. M., & Krause, D. O. (2001). Microbial interactions with tannins: Nutritional consequences for ruminants. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 91(1–2), 83–93. S0377-8401(01)00232-2

Peiretti, P. G., Gasco, L., Brugiapaglia, A., & Gai, F. (2011). Effects of Perilla (Perilla frutescens L.) seeds supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and fatty acid composition of rabbits. Livestock Science. 10.1016/j.livsci.2010.12.007

R. H. Prawitasari, V. D. Y. B. Ismadi, dan I. Estiningdriati. (2012). Kecernaan protein kasar dan serat kasar serta laju digesta pada ayam arab yang diberi ransum dengan berbagai level Azolla microphylla. Animal Agriculture Journal, 1(1), 471–483.

Rompas, R., Tulung, B., Mandey, J. S., & Regar, M. (2016). Penggunaan eceng gondok (Eichhornia crassipes) terfermentasi dalam ransum itik terhadap kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik. Zootek Jurnal, 36(92), 372–378.

Sutardi, T. 1980. Landasan Ilmu Nutrisi Jilid 1. Departemen Ilmu Makanan Ternak. Fakultas Pertanian IPB. Bogor.

Standar Nasional Indonesia. 2006. Pakan Itik Dara (Duck Grower). Badan Standar Nasional. SNI 01-3909-2006.

Tillman, A. D., H. Hartadi, S. Reksohadiprodjo, S. Prawirokusumo, S. L. (1998). Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Wahju, J. 2004. Ilmu Nutrisi Unggas, Cetakan ke-5, Gadjah Mada Press. Yogyakarta.

Widiyastuti, T., C.H. Prayitno dan Sudibya. 2007. Kecernaan dan intensitas warna kuning telur itik lokal yang mendapat pakan tepung kepala udang, tepung daun lamtoro dan suplementasi L-Carnitin. J. Animal Production. 9 (1) : 30-35.

Zekonis, G., Zekonis, J., Sadzeviciene, R., Simoniene, G., & Kevelaitis, E. (2008). Effect of Perilla frutescens aqueous extract on free radical production by human neutrophil leukocytes. Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), 44(9), 699–705.