The nutrient value of banana peel fermented by tape yeast as poultry feedstuff

Theresia Nur Indah Koni, Tri Anggarini Yuniwaty Foenay, Asrul Asrul

Abstract


This study aims to evaluate the effect of different tape yeast levels as inoculum in the banana peels fermentation process to the nutritional content. This study used an experimental method with a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in one way ANOVA with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Treatments based on differences in the addition of tape yeast, all treatments were incubated for 6 days. The four treatments are (P0) Banana peel without the addition of yeast tape; (P1) Banana peel with the addition of yeast tape 1.5%; (P2) Banana peel with the addition of 3.0% yeast tape; (P3) Banana peel with the addition of 4.5% yeast tape. The measured variables were dry matter, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, calcium, and phosphorus content. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and followed by Duncan's multiple range test to measure any significances. The results showed that the level of yeast tape significantly increased crude protein, crude fat, calcium and phosphorus (P<0.05), and significantly reduced crude fiber of banana peel (P<0.05.  However the level of yeast tape has no significant effect on the dry matter content of banana peels. Conclusion tape yeast level of 4.5% can increase levels of crude protein, crude fat, calcium and banana skin phosphorus. The highest reduction in crude fiber in the use of yeast tape 3%

Keywords


banana peels; yeast; nutrient value; fermentation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adegbehingbe, K.T. 2014. Effect of fermentation on nutrient composition and antinutrient contents of ground lima bean seeds fermented with Aspergillus fumigatus, Rhizopus stolonifer and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2, 1208 -1215

Ahmad, R.Z.2005. The advantage of yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae for livestock. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and veterinary Sciences,15, 49-55

Anggraeny Y. N dan U. Umiyasih. 2009. The effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation on nutrient contents and digestibility of arenga waste. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner 2009. 252-262. peternakan.litbang.pertanian.go.id/.../prosiding-seminar-nasional-te

Antai, S.P. and P.N. Mbongo. 1994. Utilization of cassava peels as substrate for crude protein formation. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 46, 345-351.

Aro. S. O. 2008. Improvement in the nutritive quality of cassava and its by-products through microbial fermentation. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7 (25), 4789-4797.

Bakshi, M.P.S and M Wadhwa.2013. Nutritional evaluation of cannery and fruit wastes as livestock feed. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 83 (11), 1198–1202.

Boonnop, K., M.Wanapat, N. Nontaso, and S.Wanapat. 2009. Enriching nutritive value of cassava root by yeast fermentation. Science Agricultural, 66, .629-633.

Fitroh, B. A., Wihandoyo and Supadmo. 2018. The Use 3 of Banana Peel Meal (Musa paradisiaca) as Substitution of Corn in the Diets on Performance and Carcass Production of Hybrid Ducks. Bulletin of Animal Science, 42 (3), 222-231.

Gasperz, V. 2006. Teknik Analisa dalam Penelitian Percobaan. Cetakan III. Tarsito. Bandung.

Hudiansyah, P., D. Sunarti dan B. Sukamto. 2015. Pengaruh penggunaan kulit pisang terfermentasi dalam ransum terhadap ketersediaan energi ayam broiler. Agromedia, 33 (2), 1-9.

Koni, T.N.I. 2013. Pengaruh pemanfaatan kulit pisang yang difermentasi terhadap karkas broiler. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, 18, 153-157.

Koni, T.N.I., J. Bale-Therik and P. R. Kale. 2013. Pemanfaatan kulit pisang hasil fermentasi Rhyzopus oligosporus dalam ransum terhadap pertumbuhan ayam pedaging Jurnal Veteriner, 14 (3), 365-370.

Mathius, I.W. and A.P. Sinurat. 2001. Pemanfaatan bahan pakan inkonvensional untuk ternak. Jurnal Wartazoa, 11, 20 - 31.

Muhiddin, N. H., N. Juli dan I N.P. Aryantha. 2001. Peningkatan kandungan protein kulit umbi ubi kayu melalui proses fermentasi. JMS, 6(1), 1 – 12.

Olajide, R., A.O. Akinsoyinu, O. J. Babayemi, A. B. Omojola, A. O. Abu, and K. D. Afolabi. 2011. Effect of processing on energy values, nutrient and anti-nutrient components of wild cocoyam [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott] corm. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10, 29 - 34.

Olagunju, A.I. and B. O. T. Ifesan. 2013. Changes in nutrient and antinutritional contents of sesame seeds during fermentation. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 2 (6), 2407-2410.

Oluwaniyi, O. O. and I.O. Bazambo. 2016. Nutritional and amino acid analysis of raw, partially fermented and completely fermented locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) seeds. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 16, 10870 – 10883.

Pratiwi W, Aditra E, and Melati. 2008. Fermentasi tepung dedak menggunakan saccharomyces cerevisiae untuk meningkatkan nutrisi pakan ikan. http://repository.ipb.ac.id.

Schoıjsboe, I. 1976. Triacylglcerol lipase activity in baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 424, 366 – 375.

Sitohang, R.V., T. Herawati dan W. Lili. 2012. Pengaruh pemberian dedak padi hasil fermentasi ragi (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) terhadap pertumbuhan biomassa Daphnia sp. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 3(1), 65-72.

Suciani, K.W. Parimartha, N.L.G. Sumardani, I. G. N.G. Bidur, I. G. N. Kayana, S.A. Lindawati. 2011. Penambahan multi enzim dan ragi tape dalam ransum berserat tinggi (pod–kakao)untuk menurunkan kolesterol daging broiler. Jurnal Veteriner , 12 (1), 69-76.

Wadamori, Y. L. Vanhanen and G.P. Savage. 2014. Effect of kimchi fermentation on oxalate levels in silver beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla), Foods 3, 269 – 278.

Wadhwa, M. M.PS Bakshi and H.PS Makkar. Waste to worth: fruit wastes and by-products as animal feedy. CAB Reviews Perspectives in Agriculture Veterinary Science Nutrition and Natural Resources, 1-20.

Widjastuti T. and E. Hernawan. 2012. Utilizing of banana peel (musa sapientum) in the ration and its influence on final body weight, percentage of carcass and abdominal fat on broilers under heat stress condition, Zootehnie, 57, 104-109.

Zakaria, A.K. 2011. Anticipatory policy and farmers consolidating strategy to ward national corn self sufficiency. Agricultural Policy Analysis, 9, 261 – 274.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2019.029.03.05

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.