Review: Comparative of monitoring estrus cycle in livestock: Hormonal features and ultrasound

Hasbi Hasbi, Sri Gustina

Abstract


The estrus cycle is a period in which a female animal shows the ability to become pregnant, and this event will continue over some time. The estrus cycle has two different phases, the follicular phase characterized by the presence of graffian follicles which are classified as proestrus and estrus stages or periods from regression of the corpus luteum to ovulation, and luteal phase which is characterized by the presence of the corpus luteum which is classified as the metestrus and diestrus stage or period of ovulation to the corpus luteum regression. Proestrus is chained by decreasing the concentration of progesterone, followed by increasing the concentration of estradiol. Estrus is generally characterized by a very low concentration of progesterone, an increase in the concentration of LH, and a decrease in the concentration of estrogen. Metestrus is characterized by a low concentration of progesterone. Diestrus is characterized by an increase in the concentration of progesterone and an increase in steroid hormone production along with the maturation of the corpus luteum. The purpose of this review is to discuss the comparative monitoring of the estrus cycle in buffalo, dairy cows, sheep and camels related to hormonal features and ultrasonography.

Keywords


estrus cycle; hormonal features and ultrasound

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ball, P.J.H., and Peters, A.R., 2004. Reproduction in Cattle. Ed. ke-3. UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Bridges, A. 2010. Basics of Estrous Synchronization in Beef Cattle. Available at http://ezproxy.library.usyd.edu.au/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/815996343?accountid 14757

Cárdenas, H., Wiley, T.M., and Pope, W.P. 2004. Prostaglandin F2a-induced estrus in ewes exhibiting estrous cycles of different duration. Theriogenology, 62:123–129.

Coleman, N.V., Shagiakhmetova, G.A., Lebedeva, I.Y., Kuzmina, T.I., and Golubev, A.K. 2007. In vitro maturation and early developmental capacity of bovine oocytes cultured in pure follicular fluid and supplementation with follicular wall. Theriogenology, 67: 1053–1059,

.

Das, G.K., and Khan, F.A. 2010. Summer anoestrus in buffalo – a review. Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 45 (6): 1483–1494.

Eissa, H.M. 1996. Concentrations of steroids and biochemical constituents in follicular fluid of buffalo cows during different stages of the oestrous cycle. British Veterinary Journal, 152: 573–581

Endo, N., Nagai, K., Tanaka, T., and Kamomae, H. 2012. Comparison between lactating and non-lactating dairy cows on follicular growth and corpus luteum development, and endocrine patterns of ovarian steroids and luteinizing hormone in the estrous cycles. Animal Reproduction Science, 134: 112–118.

Fierro, S., Gil, J., Viñoles, C., and Olivera-Muzante, J. 2013. The use of prostaglandins in controlling estrous cycle of the ewe: A review. Theriogenology, 79: 399–408.

Hafez, E.S.E., Jainudeen, M.R., and Rosnina, Y., 2000. Hormones, growth factors and reproduction. In: Hafez, E.S.E., Hafez, B. (Eds.), Reproduction in Farm Animals. , 7th ed. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MA, USA, pp. 33–54.

Khan, F.A., Das, G.K., Pande, M., Sarkar, M., Mahapatra, R.K., and Shankar, U. 2012. Alterations in follicular fluid estradiol, progesterone and insulin concentrations during ovarian acyclicity in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Animal Reproduction Science, 130: 27–32.

Liu, X., Dai, Q., Hart, E.J., Duggavathi, R., Barrett, D.M.W., Rawlings, N.C., and Bartlewski, P.M. 2006. Ovarian and endocrine responses to prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a) given at the expected time of the endogenous FSH peak at mid-cycle in ewes. Theriogenology 66: 811–821.

Luttgenau, J., Ulbrich, S.E., Beindorff, N., Honnens, A., Herzog, K., and Bollwein, H. 2011. Plasma progesterone concentrations in the mid-luteal phase are dependent on luteal size, but independent of luteal blood flow and gene expression in lactating dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science, 125: 20–29.

Manjunatha, B.M., David, C.G., Pratap, N., Al-Bulushi, S., and Hago, B.E. 2012. Effect of progesterone from induced corpus luteum on the characteristics of a dominant follicle in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius). Animal Reproduction Science, 132: 231–236.

Mao, J., Smith, M.F., Rucker, E.B., Wu, G.M., Mc Cauley, T.C., and Cantley, T.C. 2004. Effect of epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I on porcine preantral follicular growth, antrum formation, and stimulation of granulosal cell proliferation and suppression of apoptosis in vitro. Journal of Animal Science, 82:1967–1975.

Matamoros, I.A., Cox, N.M., and Moore, A.B. 1991. Effects of exogenous insulin and body condition on metabolic hormones and gonadotropin induced follicular development in prepuberal gilts. Journal of Animal Science, 69: 2081–2091.

Nagy, P., Juhasz, J., and Wernery, U. 2005. Incidence of spontaneous ovulation and development of the corpus luteum in non-mated dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius). Theriogenology 64: 292–304.

Nanda, A.S., Brar, P.S., and Prabhakar, S. 2003. Enhancing reproductive performance in dairy buffalo: major constraints and achievements. Reproduction, 61 (Suppl.): 27–36.

Nebel, R.L., Walker, M.L., Mcgilliard, C.H., Allen, G.S., and Heckman, W.L. 1994. Timing of artificial insemination of dairy cows: fixed time once-daily versus morning and afternoon. Journal of Dairy Science, 77: 3185-3191.

Sahatpure, S.K., and Patil, M.S. 2008. Demonstration of hormone application in animal growth. Veterinary World, 1: 203-204.

Senger, P.L. 2005. Pathways to pregnancy and parturition. Ed. Revisi ke-2. Washington: Current Conceptions Inc.

Skidmore, J.A., Billah, M., and Allen, W.R., 1996. The ovarian follicular wave pattern and induction of ovulation in the mated and non-mated one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 106, 185–192.

Viñoles, C., Paganoni, B., Milton, J.T.B., Driancourt, M.A., and Martin, G.B. 2011. Pregnancy rate and prolificacy after artificial insemination in ewes following synchronization with prostaglandin, sponges or sponges with bactericide. Animal Production Science, 51(6):565–569.

Wiley, T.M., Cárdenas, H., and Pope, W.F. 1997. Effect of the rate of progesterone decline at luteolysis on the ovulatory follicles and subsequent estrous cycle length in ewes. Animal Production Science, 46:78–87.

Woad, K.J., Baxter, G., Hogg, C.O., Bramley, T.A., Webb, R., and Armstrong, D.G. 2000. Expression of mRNA encoding insulin-like growth factors I and II and the type 1 IGF receptor in the bovine corpus luteum at defined stages of the oestrous cycle. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 120: 293–302.

Zicarelli, L. 2010. Enhancing reproductive performance in domestic dairy water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Society of Reproduction and Fertility Supplement 67: 443–455.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2020.030.01.02

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.