Effect of sex ratio and age parent to consumption feed, weight eggs and conversion ration on birds quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Authors

  • Febrianto Lu Hamanay Universitas Brawijaya
  • Muharlien Muharlien
  • Edhy Sudjarwo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.02.13

Keywords:

Bird quail, Consumption feed, Weight egg, Conversion ratio

Abstract

Birds quail (Coturnix Coturnix japonica) is a type of bird lots of quail maintained in the community have morphology i.e. small body, round and tail short Setyawn, Sudjarwo, Widodo, and Prayogi (2011) stated that bird quail is one community poultry of the genus Coturnix which can be generated as producer eggs and meat. Destination from study this for knowing the effect of sex ratio and age parent to consumption feed, weight eggs, and conversion feed. Method study is test design Random Complete (RAL) pattern factorial with 2 factors, namely factor 1 is Sex Ratio and factor 2 is age parent with every 3 treatments and 3 replications. Research results show the sex ratio does not give influence real on consumption feed, the weight of eggs, and conversion feed. Average consumption feed of 675.63 (g/ head) to 683.61 (g/ head), average weight egg of 11.28 (g/ item) to 11.60 (g/ item), and the average conversion ration of 5.63 to 6.08. Influence to age parent gives influence that is not real to consumption feed, weight eggs, and conversion feed. Average consumption feed as big as 677.17 (g/ head) to 679.74 (g/ head), average weight egg of 11.28 (g/ item) to 11.55 (g/ item), and the average conversion ration of 5.71 (g/ head ) to 5.92 (g/ head ). Interaction balance male-female and age parent no give influence real to consumption feed, weight eggs, and conversion feed. The conclusion from the research is the influence of the balance of male-female and the age of the parent no give influence the consumption of feed, the weight of eggs, and conversion of feed.

References

Achmanu, Muharlien, & Fajar, R. (2010). Effect floor cage (stretch and meeting) and balance male female to fertility, power hatching and death embryo in bird quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). JIIPB, 20(1), 48–54.

Achmanu, Muharlien, & Salaby. (2011). Influence drum floor (Left and Meeting) and balance male female to consumption feed, weight egg, conversion feed, and thick shells on birds quail. Tropika Journal of Tropical Animal Production, 12(2), 1–14.

Akbarillah, T., Kususiyah, Kaharuddin, D., & Hidayat. (2008). Study of indigofera leaf flour as a feed supplement on the production and quality of quail eggs. Indonesian Journal of Animal Husbandry, 3(1), 20–23.

Anugraha, I. S., Saidikin, I., & Sejati, W. (2009). Policy institutional effort poultry is traditional as source economy house ladder rural. Journal Analysis Policy Agriculture, 7(2), 1–5.

Astutik, D. E. P. (2018). Influence Balance Male Female and Age Parent to Consumption Feed, Conversion Feed, and Production Egg Bird Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Faculty Farm University Brawijaya Malang.

Case, P., Montong, M. E. K., Sarayar, C. L. K., & Saerang, J. L. P. (2014). Addition of turmeric rhizome (Curcuma domestica Val), temulawak rhizome (Curcuma xanthorriza proxy) and white ginger rhizome (Curcuma zedoaria Rosc) in commercial rations on the performance of quail (Coturnix Coturnix japonica). Journal of Zootek, 34(1), 114–123.

Djulardi, A., Muis, H., & Latif, A. S. (2006). Various Livestock and Animal Nutrition. Andalas Faculty of Animal Husbandry.

Kaharuddin, D. (2007). Performance of quail from people’s livestock breeding in Bengkulu City. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Sciences Special Edition, 3, 396–400.

Kasiati, K., Kusomurini, N., Maheswari, H., & Manalu, W. (2011). Application light monochromatic for repair quality egg quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Bulletin of Anatomy and Physiology, 19(1), 1–7.

Makhun, L., Kismiati, S., & Magisah, I. (2015). Performance production bird quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) with treatment flour waste hatching egg quail. Journal Sciences Ranch, 25(3), 53–58.

Mone, D. A. W., Sudjarwo, & Muharlien. (2016). Influence type bird quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) with gift feed different commercial to appearance production period lay eggs. Journal Cattle Tropical, 17(2), 43–49.

Panekenan, J. O., Loing, J. C., Rorimpandey, B., & Vwaleleng, P. O. (2013). Analysis of the profit of quail farming in Sonder sub-district, Minahasa district. ZOOTEC, 32(5), 1–10.

Prawitasari, R., Ismadi, V., & Estin. (2012). Digestibility of crude protein and crude fiber and the rate of digestion in Arabian chicken-fed rations with different levels of Azolla micropyle. Animal Agriculture Journal, 1, 471–483.

Ri, E., Sato, K., Oikawa, T., Kunieda, T., & Uchida, H. (2005). Effects of dietary protein levels on production and characteristics of japanese quail eggs. The Journal of Poultry Science, 42(2), 130–139. https://doi.org/10.2141/jpsa. 42.130

Santos, T. C., Murakami, A. E., Fanhani, J. C., & Oliveira, C. A. L. (2011). Production and reproduction of egg and meat type Quails reared in different group sizes. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 13(1), 9–14.

Setyawan, A. E., Sudjarwo, E., Widodo, E., & Prayogi, H. S. (2011). Influence addition waste in feed to production egg bird quail. Journal Science Farm, 23(1), 7–10.

Subekti, S., Sumarti, S. S., & Murdiarti, T. B. (2008). Effect of katuk leaves (Sauropus androgynus L. Merr) in rations on reproductive function in quail. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 13(3), 167–173.

Sudrajat, Kardaya, Dihansih, & Puteri. (2014). Production performance of quail eggs fed a ration containing organic chromium. JITV, 19(4), 257–262.

Sujana, E., Tanwiriah, W., & Widjastuti, T. (n.d.). Evaluation of quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) growth performance among the breeding center of village communities in west java. 2012, 50, 70–72.

Suprijatna, E., Kismiati, S., & Furi, N. R. (2008). Performance of egg production and quality in quail (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) which received a low protein diet supplemented with commercial enzymes. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 33(1), 68.

Suripta, & Astuti. (2006). Influence use of oil lemurs and oil palm in ration to ratio omega -3 and omega-6 fatty acids in egg bird quail. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 32(22), 27–40.

Ta’inindari, Y., & Sopandi, T. (2013). Reduction fat and cholesterol levels egg given quail feed powder leaf Selig (Phyllanthus buxifolius muell) as a feed supplement. 6(2), 1–6.

Utomo, J. W., Sudjarwo, E., & Hamiyanti, A. A. (2014). The effect of adding daring flour to feed on feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion, and age at first laying quail eggs. Journal of Animal Science, 24(2), 41–48.

Widjiastuti, T., & Endang, S. (2008). Utilization of waste bread flour in broiler chicken feed and its implications on the performance of laying quail in the first production phase. Indonesian Journal of Tropical Animal Agriculture, 31(3), 162–168.

Yuwanta, T. (2008). Laying Poultry Livestock Cultivation. Kanisius Publisher.

Downloads

Published

2022-08-29