Measurement of Efficiency Levels in Open House System Broiler Breeders in Malang Regency, Indonesia

Authors

  • Stepanus Pakage University Of Papua http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6374-7660
  • Budi Hartono Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veterans Malang 65145 East Java Indonesia
  • Bambang Ali Nugroho Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veterans Malang 65145 East Java Indonesia
  • Deny Anjelus Iyai Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Alnita Baaka Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Agustinus Gatot Murwanto Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • John Arnold Palulungan Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Irba Unggul Warsono Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Trisiwi Wahyu Widayati Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Isti Widayati Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Dwi Nurhayati Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Noviyanti Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Rizky Arizona Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Purwaningsih Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Elfira Kariane Suawa Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Muhammad Affan Mu’in Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Mohammad Jen Wajo Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Sangle Y Randa Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia
  • Djonly Woran Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Papua, Jl. Gn. Salju, Amban Manokwari, West Papua Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.08

Keywords:

Cost function, Production function, Stochastic frontier

Abstract

Broiler farming in Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia, has experienced rapid growth, significantly contributing to the regional economy. In this region, the open cage system is among the broiler cage systems that are commonly used. Therefore, this study aims to analyze 1) factors affecting growth, 2) factors causing technical inefficiency, and 3) technical, allocative, and economic efficiency. The results showed that factors such as day-old chicks (DOC), feed, and drugs positively affected broilers' development. However, there was a variation in the level of technical efficiency of 0.047 due to inefficient sources, which included the age of breeders, education level, work experience, number of family members, and employment status. Despite the variation in efficiency levels, the average breeder demonstrated high technical, allocative, and economic efficiency with values of 0.93, 0.99, and 0.92, respectively. This performance indicated that the average breeders had yet to reach peak efficiency but were categorized as high-efficiency. To further enhance productivity, broiler farming required additional DOC feed and adequate training for broiler breeders to maximize productivity and resource utilization. Based on these results, recommendations were made to provide loans to broiler farms with simple terms and conditions, specifically for purchasing DOC, feed, labor, medicines, and fuel.

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Published

2023-08-07

How to Cite

Pakage, S., Hartono, B., Nugroho, B. A., Iyai, D. A., Alnita Baaka, Agustinus Gatot Murwanto, Palulungan, J. A., Irba Unggul Warsono, Trisiwi Wahyu Widayati, Widayati, I., Dwi Nurhayati, Noviyanti, Rizky Arizona, Purwaningsih, Elfira Kariane Suawa, Muhammad Affan Mu’in, Mohammad Jen Wajo, Sangle Y Randa, & Djonly Woran. (2023). Measurement of Efficiency Levels in Open House System Broiler Breeders in Malang Regency, Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan, 33(2). https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.08