Identification of protozoa in the rumen of indonesian indigenous cattle

Rizka Muizzu Aprilia, Hendrawan Soetanto

Abstract


Information on the dominant protozoa in local cattle, especially on Ongole Cross-bred, Bali, and Madura Cattle cattle, is still little disclosed in the article. This study aimed to provide information and characteristics of the dominant protozoa in the rumen of local cattle. The material used in the form of digesta and rumen fluid collected from abatoar Pegirian, Surabaya city, East Java. The method used is observation under an electron microscope (10 x 10) using a Sedgewick Rafter counting chamber S52. The results showed that the basal feed given in the form of forage was indicated by the NDF and ADF digesta values. The feed is very closely related to the presence of the dominant genus of protozoa. The dominant genus of OCB and Bali Cattle is Eudiplodinium, while in Madura cattle, it is the genus Entodinium

Keywords


protozoa, rumen, Indonesian indigenous cattle

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dehority, B. A. 1993. Laboratory manual for classification and morphology of rumen ciliate protozoa. New York: CRC Press Taylor & Francis group.

Desnoyers, M., C. D. Ponter, K. Rigalma, S. Roussel, O. Martin and S. Giger-Reverdin. 2008. Effect of concentrate percentage on ruminal pH and time-budget in dairy goats. Animal. 2 (12) : 1802-1808. doi:10.1017/S1751731108003157.

Fondevila M, Dehority, B. A. 2001. In vitro growth and starch digestion by Entodinium exiguum as influenced by the presence or absence of live bacteria. J Anim Sci 79, 2465-2471. doi: 10.2527/2001.7992465x.

Gonzales, A.R.C., Barraza, M.E.B., Viveroz, J. D. and Martinez, A.C. 2014. Rumen microorganism and fermentation. Arch Med Vet 46 : 349-361. DOI: 10.4067/S0301-732X2014000300003.

Guo, W., Zhou, M., Ma, T., Bi, S., Wang, W., Zhang, Y., Huang, Z., Guan, L.L. and Long, R. 2020. Survey of rumen microbiota of domestic grazing yak during different growth stages revealed novel maturation patterns of four key microbial groups and their dynamic interactions. Animal Microbiome. 2 (23): 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42523-020-00042-8.

Harris, P. J., & Ferguson, L. R. 2014. Wheat and Rice Dietary Fiber in Colorectal Cancer Prevention and the Maintenance of Health. Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health, 201–210. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-401716-0.00016-7

Huda, A.N., Yekti A.P.A., Ndaru, P. H., Putritamara, J.A., Adli, D.N., Shamad, Z. 2021. Potential of small-scale Business Development and Socio-cultural of Beef Cattle Farm at Pamekasan Regency : Case study at Madura Island. Jurnal Ternak 12 (1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.30736/jt.v11i2.93.

Huda, A.N., Ndaru, P.H., Ridhowi, A., Nuningtyas, Y.F., Putritamara, J.A., Soetanto, H. (2020). Economic Value of Dwarf Elephant Grass and Dried Distiller Grain with Soluble as Feed of Smallholder Dairy Farm in Tulungrejo Village, Ngantang District, Malang Regency. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 478 012056. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/478/1/012056.

Jaimes, L.J.C., Giraldo, A.M. and Correa, H. J. 2019. What is the Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) made of. Livestock research for rural development. 31 (3) : 42-51. http://www.lrd.org/lrd31/3/jcfca31042.html.

Newbold, C.J., Fuente, G. D. L., Belanche, A., Morales, E. R. and McEwan, N. R. 2015. The role of ciliate protozoa in the rumen. Frontiers in Microbiology. 6: 1313. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01313.

Ransa, C. P., Tuturoong, R.A.V., Pendong, A.F. dan Waani, M.R. Kecernaan NDF dan ADF Pakan lengkap berbasis tebon jagung pada sapi FH. 2020. Zootec. 40 (2) : 542-551.

Rey, M., F. Enjalbert, S. Combes, L. Cauquil, O. Bouchez and V. Monteils. 2013. Establishment of ruminal bacterial community in dairy calves from birth to weaning is sequential. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 166 : 245-257. doi:10.1111/jam.12405.

Soetanto, H. 2019. Pengantar ilmu nutrisi ruminansia. Universitas Brawijaya (UB) Press. Malang. ISBN : 978-602-432-746-0.

Usman, N., E. J. Saleh, M. Nusi. 2019. Kandungan acid detergent fiber dan neutral detergent fiber jerami jagung fermentasi dengan menggunakan jamur Trichoderma viride dengan lama inkubasi berbeda. Jambura Journal of Animal Science. 1(2) : 57-62. https://doi.org/10.35900/jjas.v1i2.2606

Vasta V., D.R Yanez-Ruiz, M. Mele, A. Serra, G. Luciano, M. Lanza, L. Biondi, and A. Priolo. 2010. Bacterial and protozoal communities and fatty acid profile in the rumen of sheep fed a diet containing added tannins. Appl Environ Microbiol 76:2549–2555. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02583-09




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2021.031.03.10

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.