Status of animal welfare implementation by standard of Office International des Epizooties (OIE) on dairy cow in East Java Indonesia
Keywords:Animal Welfare, Dairy Cow, East Java
Animal welfare is life quality aspect of animal that relates to physical and psychological condition, as well as environment where the animals live. Statistically, populations of the dairy cows in East Java in 2017 were 273.881. Objective of the research was to study implementation of animal welfare on dairy cows in East Java. Survey was conducted from May to June 2020. Instruments used in this research were standard Office International des Epizooties (OIE) on Terrestrial Health Code 7.11 that comprised of 8 aspects: behavior, morbidity, mortality and culling, the change of weight; body condition; and dairy production, reproductive efficiency, physical appearance, response of handling, and complication post general procedure. Result for the application of animal welfare using standard Office International des Epizooties on Dairy Cow in East Java was categorized adequate/sufficient by percentage 70.73%. Among 29 indicators of measurement, 1 indicator belongs to the least category. The category showed that an area for exercise with average score was 1.38 (27.57%).
Albright, J. L. (1993). Feeding Behavior of Dairy Cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 76(2), 485â€“498. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77369-5
Anderson, N. (2012). Dehorning of Calves. 01 September 2012. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/dairy/facts/09-003.htm#dehorn
Anna, A. C. S., & Costa, M. J. R. P. (2011). The relationship between dairy cow hygiene and somatic cell count in milk. Journal of Dairy Science, 94(8), 3835â€“3844. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3951
Anonymous. (2009). Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Dairy Cattle. In Animal Welfare (Issue March). National Farm Animal Care Council.
Anonymous. (2014). How does your cow welfare compare ? 1â€“4.
Anonymous. (2017). Dairy Cattle Feeding and Nutrition management. Dairy Training Centre.
Anonymous. (2018). Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan 2018/ Livestock and Animal Health Statistics 2018.
Azis, Surjowardoyo, P., & Sarwiyono. (2013). Hubungan Bahan dan Tingkat Kebersihan Lantai Kandang terhadap Kejadian Mastitis melalui Uji California Mastitis Test (CMT) di Kecamatan Tutur Kabupaten Pasuruan. Ternak Tropika, 14, 72â€“81.
Botheras, D. N. (2006). Tail Docking of Dairy Cattle: Is it beneficial or a welfare issue? May 2006. https://dairy.osu.edu/newsletter/buckeye-dairy-news/volume-8-issue-3/tail-docking-dairy-cattle-it-beneficial-or-welfare
Broucek, J., Uhrincat, M., Mihina, S., Soch, M., Mrekajova, A., & Hanus, A. (2017). Dairy Cows Produce Less Milk and Modify Their Behaviour during the Transition between Tie-Stall to Free-Stall. 1â€“13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7030016
Eicher, S. (2018). Lameness Impact on Welfare of Dairy Cattle. Teagasc, 1â€“5.
Fathurahman, I., & Jamilah, I. M. (2019). Animal Welfare Assessment System for Sustainable Cattle Production in Indonesia. KnE Life Sciences, 4(11), 189. https://doi.org/10.18502/kls.v4i11.3865
Firman, A., Marina, S., Hermawan, H., Paturachman, S., Linda, H., & Anita, A. (2016). Evaluation of Good Dairy Farming Practice Method on Dairy Farming in Subang District, West Java, Indonesia. 204â€“212. https://doi.org/10.14334/proc.intsem.lpvt-2016-p.204-212
GÃ¶ncÃ¼, S., AnitaÅŸ, Ã–., & GÃ¶kÃ§e, G. (2017). Futuristic Applications for Profitable Beef Production Systems. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering A, 6(12). https://doi.org/10.17265/2162-5298/2017.12.005
Gustafson, G. M. (1993). Effects of daily exercise on the health of tied dairy cows. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 17(3â€“4), 209â€“223. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-5877(93)90030-W
Heraini, D., Purwanto, B. P., & Suryahadi, S. (2019). Perbandingan Suhu Lingkungan Dan Pengaruh Pakan Terhadap Produktivitas Sapi Perah Di Daerah Dengan Ketinggian Berbeda. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu, 7(2), 234. https://doi.org/10.23960/jipt.v7i2.p234-240
Kononoff, P. J., Snow, D. D., & Christensen, D. A. (2017). Drinking water for dairy cattle. Large Dairy Herd Management, February, 611â€“624. https://doi.org/10.3168/ldhm.0845
Mainar, D. M. S., Mirabito, L., Jago, J., Harding, N., Ã˜sterÃ¥s, O., Skippon, W., & Dornom, H. (2019). Guide to good animal welfare in dairy production. International Dairy Federation.
Moran, J. (2005). Tropical Dairy Farming. Landlinks Press.
Neindre, P. Le, Trillat, G., Mbissiert, F., Bonnet, J. N., & Chupins, J. M. (1995). Individual Differences in Docility in Limousin Cattle â€™. 2249â€“2253.
Pawelek, R., & Croney, C. (2003). Animal Welfare: Understanding and Addressing Issues Related to the Well-being of Livestock. Oregon State University, 1â€“8.
Ridwan. (2004). Belajar Mudah Penelitian untuk Guru-Karyawan dan Peneliti Pemula. Alfabeta.
Rushen, J., & De PassillÃ©, A. M. (2006). Effects of roughness and compressibility of flooring on cow locomotion. Journal of Dairy Science, 89(8), 2965â€“2972. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72568-1
Sagiman. (2015). Korelasi Body Condition Score (BCS) dalam Menjamin Fertilitas pada Sapi Perah. 53(9). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Sinclair, M., Fryer, C., & Phillips, C. J. C. (2019). The Benefits of Improving Animal Welfare from the Perspective of Livestock Stakeholders across Asia. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute Journal. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9040123
Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D (22nd ed.). Alfabeta.
Sukmawati, F., & Kaharudin. (2010). Petunjuk Praktis Perkandangan Sapi. Balai Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian.
Thomsen, P. T., & Houe, H. (2006). Dairy cow mortality. A review. Veterinary Quarterly, 28(4), 122â€“129. https://doi.org/10.1080/01652176.2006.9695218
Utami, K. B., Radiati, L. E., & Surjowardojo, P. (2014). Kajian kualitas susu sapi perah PFH (Studi Kasus pada Anggota Koperasi Agro Niaga di Kecamatan Jabung Kabupaten Malang). Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan, 24(2), 58â€“66. https://doi.org/ISSN: 0852-3581
von Keyserlingk, M. A. G., & Weary, D. M. (2017). A 100-Year Review: Animal welfare in the Journal of Dairy Scienceâ€”The first 100 years. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(12), 10432â€“10444. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-13298
Ward, D., & Mckague, K. (2007). Water Requirements of Livestock. 07. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/engineer/facts/07-023.htm
Wells, S. J., Garber, L. P., & Wagner, B. A. (1999). Papillomatous digital dermatitis and associated risk factors in US dairy herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 38(1), 11â€“24. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5877(98)00132-9
Winckler, C. (2004). The Use of Animal-Based Health and Welfare Parameters.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).