Assessment of heat stress in dairy cows related to physiological responses

Authors

  • Kartika Budi Utami politeknik pembangunan pertanian malang
  • Budi Purwo Widiarso

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.02.14

Keywords:

THI, Climate change, Heart rate, Respiration rate, Rectal temperature

Abstract

Climate change will continue to occur in the years to come and threaten dairy cows. As a result of climate change, various risks can change due to changing ecological conditions in various places on earth. The study aimed to assess heat stress in dairy cows (calf, heifer, lactating, and dry cow). The heat stress assessment method uses the equation presented by the temperature-humidity index (THI). Heart rate, respiratory rate, and rectal temperature are physiological parameters to determine heat stress. The data collection of cattle's temperature, humidity, and physiological parameters was carried out simultaneously. Data analysis used one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's further test. The results of the heat stress assessment showed that the THI values reached 82.8 and 78.2 in the afternoon and evening, causing the calves, lactating cow, and dry cow to be exposed to heat stress. The rectal temperature of the calf increased by 39.10C, the heart rate and respiration rate of lactating cows increased by 66.5-69.2 times/minute and 51.7 times/minute, and the respiration rate of dry cows increased by 49.2 times/minute. Efforts are needed to control heat stress in dairy cows at all age phases so that dairy cows are in comfortable environmental conditions.

References

Allen, J., & Anderson, S. (2013). Managing heat stress and its impact on cow behavior. 28 Th Annual Western Dairy Management Conference, 150–162.

Armstrong, D. V. (1994). Heat stress interaction with shade and cooling. Journal of Dairy Science, 77(7), 2044–2050. https://doi.org/10.3168/ jds.S0022-0302(94)77149-6

Bernabucci, U., Lacetera, N., Baumgard, L. H., Rhoads, R. P., Ronchi, B., & Nardone, A. (2010). Metabolic and hormonal acclimation to heat stress in domesticated ruminants. Animal, 4(7), 1167–1183. https://doi.org/10.1017/S 175173111000090X

BPS Jawa Timur. (2015). Produksi susu perah menurut Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jawa Timur (kg), 2017. Bps, 14(1), 52–58.

Du Preez, J. H. (2000). Parameters for the determination and evaluation of heat stress in dairy cattle in South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 67(4), 263–271.

Ghosh, C. P. (2017). Heat stress in dairy animals - its impact and remedies: a review. International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience, 5(1), 953–965. https://doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.2 577

Habeeb, A. A., Gad, A. E., & Atta, M. A. (2018). Temperature-humidity indices as indicators to heat stress of climatic conditions with relation to production and reproduction of farm animals. International Journal of Biotechnology and Recent Advances, 1(1), 35–50. https://doi.org/10.186 89/ijbr-1000107

Herbut, P., Angrecka, S., Godyń, D., & Hoffmann, G. (2019). The physiological and productivity effects of heat stress in cattle – a review. Annals of Animal Science, 19(3), 579–593. https://doi.org/10.2478/aoas-201 9-0011

Hernández-Castellano, L. E., Nally, J. E., Lindahl, J., Wanapat, M., Alhidary, I. A., Fangueiro, D., Grace, D., Ratto, M., Bambou, J. C., & de Almeida, A. M. (2019). Dairy science and health in the tropics: challenges and opportunities for the next decades. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 51(5), 1009–1017. https:// doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01866-6

Kadzere, C., Murphy, M., Silanikove, N., & Maltz, E. (2002). Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: a review. Livestock Production Science, 77(1), 59–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301 -6226(01)00330-X

Kibler, H. (1964). Environmental physiology and shelter engineering with special reference to domestic animals. Res. Bull. Missouri Agric.

Lees, A. M., Sejian, V., Wallage, A. L., Steel, C. C., Mader, T. L., Lees, J. C., & Gaughan, J. B. (2019). The impact of heat load on cattle. Animals, 9(6), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060 322

Liu, J., Li, L., Chen, X., Lu, Y., & Wang, D. (2019). Effects of heat stress on body temperature, milk production, and reproduction in dairy cows: a novel idea for monitoring and evaluation of heat stress — A review. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 32(9), 1332–1339. https:// doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0743

Mariana, E., Hadi, D. N., & Agustin, N. Q. (2016). Respon fisiologis dan kualitas susu sapi perah friesian holstein pada musim kemarau panjang di dataran tinggi. Jurnal Agripet, 16(2), 131. https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v16i2.5888

Mariana, E., Sumantri, C., Astuti, D. A., Anggraeni, A., & Gunawan, A. (2019). Thermoregulation, haematological profile and productivity of holstein friesian under heat stress at different land elevations. Buletin Peternakan, 43(1), 8–16. https://doi.org/10.21059/ buletinpeternak.v43i1.37648

Mcmanus, C. M., Louvandini, H., Paim, T. P., Silva, F. C. P. e, & Bernal, F. E. M. (2014). Factors affecting heat tolerance in crossbred cattle in central Brazil. Ciência Animal Brasileira, 15(2), 152–158. https://doi.org/10.15 90/1809-6891v15i28726

Noordhuizen, J. (2015). Heat stress in dairy cattle: major effects and practical management measures for prevention and control. SOJ Veterinary Sciences, 1(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.15226/23 81-2907/1/1/00103

Nugroho, A. T., Surjowardojo, P., & Ihsan, M. N. (2010). The performances of milk yield holstein friesian ( Fh ) dairy cows at various parities and month of lactation in different altitude. Ilmu Ternak, 20(1).

Pragna, P., Archana, P. R., Aleena, J., Sejian, V., Krishnan, G., Bagath, M., Manimaran, A., Beena, V., Kurien, E. K., Varma, G., & Bhatta, R. (2016). Heat stress and dairy cow: impact on both milk yield and composition. International Journal of Dairy Science, 12(1), 1–11. https://doi. org/10.3923/ijds.2017.1.11

Rejeb, M., Najar, T., & M’Rad, M. Ben. (2012). The effect of heat stress on dairy cow’s performance and animal behaviour. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, 2(3), 29–34.

Renaudeau, D., Collin, A., Yahav, S., de Basilio, V., Gourdine, J. L., & Collier, R. J. (2012). Adaptation to hot climate and strategies to alleviate heat stress in livestock production. Animal, 6(5), 707–728. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1 751731111002448

Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. (2019). Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan Kementerian Pertanian Republik.

Sudrajad, P., & Adiarto. (2011). Effects of heat stress on milk production performance of friesian holstein cows at balai besar pembibitan ternak unggul sapi perah baturraden. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan Dan Veteriner, 341–346.

Suherman, D., Purwanto, B., Manalu, W., & Permana, I. (2013a). Simulasi Artificial Neural Network untuk Menentukan Suhu Kritis pada Sapi Fries Holland Berdasarkan Respon Fisiologis. 18(1), 70–80.

Suherman, D., Purwanto, B. P., Manalu, W., & Permana, I. G. (2013b). Model penentuan suhu kritis pada sapi perah berdasarkan kemampuan produksi dan manajemen pakan. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia, 8(2), 121–138. https://doi.org/10.31186/jspi.id.8.2.121-138

Sunil, K., Ajeet, K., & Meena, K. (2011). Effect of heat stress in tropical livestock and different strategies for its amelioration. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, 7(1), 45–54.

Suprayogi, A., Ihsan, K., & Yayan Ruhyana, A. (2019). Physiological values of dairy cattle during dry period in pangalengan: hematology, heart rate, respiration frequency, and body temperature. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 24(4), 375–381. https:// doi.org/10.18343/jipi.24.4.375

Trajchev, M., Nakov, D., & Andonov, S. (2016). The effect of thermal environment on daily milk yield of dairy cows. Macedonian Veterinary Review, 39(2), 185–192. https://doi. org/10.1515/macvetrev-2016-0084

Utami, K., Radiati, L., & Surjowardojo, P. (2014). Kajian kualitas susu sapi perah PFH (studi kasus pada anggota Kope- rasi Agro Niaga di Kecamatan Jabung Kabupaten Malang). Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan, 24(2), 58–66.

Vitali, A., Segnalini, M., Bertocchi, L., Bernabucci, U., Nardone, A., & Lacetera, N. (2009). Seasonal pattern of mortality and relationships between mortality and temperature-humidity index in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 92(8), 3781–3790. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2009-2127

Yani, A., & Purwanto, B. (2006). Pengaruh iklim mikro terhadap respons fisiologis sapi peranakan fries holland dan modifikasi lingkungan untuk meningkatkan produktivitasnya (ULASAN). Media Peternakan, 29(1), 35–46.

Downloads

Published

2022-08-29