Performance native chicken treated by different stocking density and litter type

Dwi Rohmadi, Sri Harimurti, Wihandoyo Wihandoyo

Abstract


This research was aimed to determine the effect of different stocking density and different litter materials on the production performance of native chicken. Material of yhis study was 324-day old chick (DOC) native chickens, reared for 12 weeks. The DOC were randomly devided into 9 treatment groups include a combination of 3 stocking density (8, 12 and 16 bird/m2) and 3 litter materials (rice hulls, wood shavings and corncobs) in 3 replication. A completely randomized factorial design was an applied in the study then followed by Duncan's multiple range tests. The parameters observed were feed consumption (g/bird/12 weeks), body weight gain (g/bird), feed conversion ratio, and mortality (%). The results showed that feed consumption had affected by stocking density (p<0.05), but it had not affected by litter materials type. Feed consumption at densities of 8, 12 and 16 bird/m2 was 3890; 4020 and 4061 g/bird respectively. The highest feed consumption was obtained at a density of 16 bird/m2. Weight gain, feed conversion and mortality had not affected by stocking density and litter material. It can concluded that the body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio and mortality is same for stocking density 8,12 and 16 bird/m2 an d same for litter type of rice hulls, wood shaving and corncob.


Keywords


litter material; Native chicken; Performance; Stocking density

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, M. I., Azmal, S., Ali, A., & Faruque, M. O. (2012). Effect of density and flock size on growth performance of native chicken. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 10(1), 55–59. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbau.v10i1.12040

Anonymous. (2018). Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. Direktorat Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan.

Aplleyby, M. C., Mench, J. A., & Hughes, B. O. (2004). Poultry Behaviour and Welfare (M. C. Appleby, J. A. Mench, & B. O. Hughes (eds.)). CABI. https:// doi.org/10.1079/9780851996677.0000

Atapattu, N. S. B. M., & Wickramasinghe, K. P. (2007). Production, modeling, and education the use of refused tea as litter material for broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 86, 968–972.

Awad, W. A., Böhm, J., Razzazi-Fazeli, E., Ghareeb, K., & Zentek, J. (2006). Effect of addition of a probiotic microorganism to broiler diets contaminated with deoxynivalenol on performance and histological alterations of intestinal villi of broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 85(6), 974–979. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/85.6.974

Balqis, U., Hanafiah, M., Januari, C., Salim, M. N., Aisyah, S., & Fahrimal, Y. (2015). Jumlah sel goblet pada usus halus ayam kampung (Galludomesticus) yang terinfeksI Ascaridia galli secara alami. Jurnal Medika Veterinaria, 9(1), 1999–2002. https://doi.org/10.21157/j.med. vet..v9i1.3001

Balqis, U., Tiuria, R., & Priosoeryanto, B. P. (2007). Goblet cells proliferation of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of laying hens immunized with protein of excretory-secretory of ascaridia galli. Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan - Indonesian Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 1(2), 70–75. https://doi. org/10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v1i2.3129

ElKhloya, S. (2017). Do alternative litter materials affect performance, welfare and immune response of broiler chicks?. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 52(1), 133. https://doi.org/10.5455/ajvs.256271

Garcês, A. P. J. T., Afonso, S. M. S., Chilundo, A., & Jairoce, C. T. S. (2017). Evaluation of different litter materials for broiler production in a hot and humid environment: 2. Productive performance and carcass characteristics. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 49(2), 369–374. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1202-7

Goo, D., Kim, J. H., Choi, H. S., Park, G. H., Han, G. P., & Kil, D. Y. (2019). Effect of stocking density and sex on growth performance, meat quality, and intestinal barrier function in broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 98(3), 1153–1160. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pey491

Jobe, M. C., Ncobela, C. N., Kunene, N. W., & Opoku, A. R. (2019). Effects of Cassia abbreviata extract and stocking density on growth performance, oxidative stress and liver function of indigenous chickens. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 51(8), 2567–2574. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01979-y

Leeson, S., & Summers, J. D. (2012). Commercial Poultry Nutrition Third Edition. Nottingham University Press. https://doi.org/10.7313/UPO9781904761099

Lisnahan, C. (2018). Penentuan Kebutuhan Nutien Ayam Kampung Fase Pertumbuhan Yang Dipelihara Secara Intensif dengan Metode Kafetaria. Universitas Gajah Mada.

Mahmud, A. T. B. A., Afnan, R., Ekastuti, D. R., & Arief, I. I. (2017). Profil darah, performans dan kualitas daging ayam persilangan kampung broiler pada kepadatan kandang berbeda. Jurnal Veteriner, 18(2), 247. https://doi.org/10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.2.247

Miles, R. D., Butcher, G. D., Henry, P. R., & Littell, R. C. (2006). Effect of antibiotic growth promoters on broiler performance, intestinal growth parameters, and quantitative morphology. Poultry Science, 85(3), 476–485. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/85.3.476

Monira, K. N., Islam, M. A., Alam, M. J., & Wahid, M. A. (2003). Effect of litter materials on broiler performance and evaluation of manureal value of used litter in late autumn. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 16(4), 555–557. https:// doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.555

Muharlien, Achmanu, & R.Rachmawati. (2011). Meningkatkan produksi ayam pedaging melalui pengaturan proporsi sekam, pasir dan kapur sebagai litter. Jurnal Ternak Tropika, 12(1), 38–45.

Na-Lampang, P. (2014). Productivity and tonic immobility duration of thai crossbred chickens raised at different stocking densities. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research, 2(2), 72–75.

NRC. (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. National Academies Press.

Toghyani, M., Gheisari, A., Modaresi, M., Tabeidian, S. A., & Toghyani, M. (2010). Effect of different litter material on performance and behavior of broiler chickens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 122(1), 48–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2009.11.008

Torok, V. A., Hughes, R. J., Ophel-Keller, K., Ali, M., & MacAlpine, R. (2009). Influence of different litter materials on cecal microbiota colonization in broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 88(12), 2474–2481. https://doi.org/10. 3382/ps.2008-00381

Zuowei, S., Yan, L., Yuan, L., Jiao, H., Song, Z., Guo, Y., & Lin, H. (2011). Stocking density affects the growth performance of broilers in a sex-dependent fashion. Poultry Science, 90(7), 1406–1415. https://doi.org/10.3 382/ps.2010-01230




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2021.031.02.01

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.