Perception of Bali cattle farmers on the performance of Extensionist based on agroecosystems at Timor Island
Keywords:Farmers perception, Extensionist performance, Agroecosystems, Timor Island
AbstractThis research aims to determine the perception of farmers on the performance of Extensionist in the agroecosystems of pasture, agriculture, plantation, and forest at Timor Island, so that it can be information for improving the performance of extension workers who have an impact on repair the welfare of farmers. This research was conducted from January to December 2018. The research location was determined purposively representing the agroecosystem of pasture, agriculture, plantation and forest. The determination of respondents are 5-10% of the number of farmers in each agroecosystem that has > 10 Bali cattle. Data collection methods are done through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data processing method uses a Likert Scale, then analyzed decriptivelly. Indicators to measure the performance of livestock Extensionist based on Extensionist profile, materials and methods, procurement of activities, availability of teaching aids, and intensity of extension activities. The results showed that farmers' perceptions at agroecosystems of pasture, agriculture, plantation, and forest toward livestock extensionist in the category agreed that the existence of extensionist could be said well in aspects of Extensionist profile, materials and methods, and procurement of activities. This condition explains that Extensionist in carrying out his duties and functions in the field in accordance with existing standards, namely as a mediator, motivator, educator, communicator, facilitator, and assistance/visits. Nevertheless, it is very necessary to improve and repair the role of Extensionist related to competence so that it can influence farmers to be more productive in developing Bali cattle farming business them. Then Bali cattle farmers in the pasture agroecosystem with the highest value of the use of teaching aids by extensionist were 2 kinds (44,0%). Then the average farmers in agricultural agroecosystems with the highest value of the use of teaching aids by extensionist is 1 kind (40,2%). Next, the average of farmers in plantation agroecosystems with the highest value of using teaching aids by Extensionist are > 2 kinds (47,9%). While the average farmers in forest agroecosystems with the highest value of the use of teaching aids by Extensionist is 1 kind (>77,3%). While the intensity of extension activities during the past year shows that the average farmers in agroecosystems of pasture (70,7%), agriculture (59,8%), plantations (50,0%), and forests (68,2%) said more from 1 time.
Abdullah, A., & Ibrahim, H. (2014). Farmersâ€™ perception of Extensionist performance in technology development of rice straw managerial and beef cattle waste. JITRO, 1(1), 99â€“107.
Alpianor, M., Aid, A., & Mariani. (2017). The compability level of materials, methods and agricultural extension tools on farmersâ€™ participation in extension activities on rice farming in West Martapura Subdistrict, Banjar District. Journal of Frontier Agribisni, 1(4), 65â€“70.
Berek, H. S. D., Nugroho, W. S., & Wahyuni, A. E. T. H. (2015). Protectivity against septicaemia epizootica of cows in Kupang District. Jurnal Veteriner, 16(2), 167â€“173.
Ediset, & Jaswandi. (2017). Extension methods in the adoption of artificial insemination (AI) innovations at cattle farming in Dharmasraya Regency. Journal of Animal Husbandry, 14(1), 1â€“10.
GarcÃa-MartÃnez, A., Rivas-Rangel, J., Rangel-Quintos, J., Espinosa, J., Barba, C., & De-Pablos-Heredero, C. (2016). A methodological approach to evaluate livestock innovations on small-scale farms in developing countries. Future Internet, 8(4), 25. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi8020025
Gidoi, R., Owoyesigire, B., Eneku, G., Wasukira, A., & Owere, L. (2015). Farmersâ€™ perceptions and knowledge of crop and livestock production in bukedi subzone of Uganda. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 5(20), 30â€“39.
Habaora, F. (2015). Livestock Production At Pasture. Deepublish press.
Habaora, Fellyanus, Fuah, A. M., Abdullah, L., Priyanto, R., Yani, A., & Purwanto, B. P. (2019a). Attitude analysis of Bali cattle farmers toward credit programs based on agroecosystems in Timor Island. Int. J. Innovative Sci. Res. Technol, 4(9).
Habaora, Fellyanus, Fuah, A. M., Abdullah, L., Priyanto, R., Yani, A., & Purwanto, B. P. (2019b). Economic analysis of bali cattle farm in timor island indonesia. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 8(10).
Habaora, Fellyanus, Maria Fuah, A., Abdullah, L., Priyanto, R., Yani, A., & Priyo Purwanto, B. (2020). Importance-performance analysis toward productivity of bali cattle based on agroecosystem in Timor Island. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 19(5), 57â€“66. https://doi.org/10.36478/javaa.2020.57.66
Lamarang, Z., Sondakh, B. F. J., Rintjap, A. K., & Sajow, A. A. (2017). The role of Extensionists to the decision of farmers in the adoption of technological innovation farms in Sangkub Subdistrict, North Bolaang Mongondow District. Zootek Journal, 37(2), 496â€“507.
Mahbubi, A. (2015). Development program of Madura as an Island of cattle: Sustainable supply chain management perspective. Agroekonomika Journal, 3(2), 94â€“105.
Makatita, J., Isbandi, & Dwidjatmiko, S. (2014). The level evectiveness method extension development beef cattle in Buru Regency Maluku Province. Agromedia Journal, 32(2), 64â€“74.
Mangare, G., Sondakh, B. F., Oley, F. S., & Massie, M. T. (2016). Analisis karakteristik sosial ekonomi penyuluh dengan pelaksanaan penyuluhan di Kabupaten Minahasa. ZOOTEC, 36(2), 333. https://doi.org/10.35792 /zot.36.2.2016.12488
Mujiburrahmad, Muljono, P., Sadona, D. (2014). Performance agricultural extension in pidie district of aceh province to implement tasks and functions. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 10(2).
Nugroho, E., & Azizah, S. (2014). Communication management of the preservation of Rambon cattle germplasm in Banyuwangi. Indonesian Journal of Animal Science, 24(2), 84â€“95.
Polohindang, A. F., Sondakh, B. F., Lainawa, J., & Tumewu, J. M. (2016). evaluasi kinerja penyuluh bp3k dalam bidang peternakan di kecamatan pineleng Kabupaten Minahasa. ZOOTEC, 36(2), 429. https://doi.org/ 10.35792/zot.36.2.2016.12655
Priyanto, D. (2017). Strategies to return east nusa tenggara as a source of beef cattle. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 35(4).
Rintjap, A. K. (2015). Efektivitas komunikasi dalam penerimaan informasi pada kelompok peternak sapi potong di Kecamatan Remboken, Kabupaten Minahasa, Sulawesi Utara. Biodiversity Indonesian, 1(7), 1711â€“1714. https://doi.org/10.13057/psnm bi/m010733
Riwukore, J. R, & Habaora, F. (2018). Production System Of Beef Cattle. Deepublish Press.
Riwukore, J. R, & Habaora, F. (2019a). Beef cattle productivity development strategy at Pasture Konetuef. International Journal of Current Research, 11(6), 4244â€“4247.
Riwukore, J. R, & Habaora, F. (2019b). Profile of existing population density and supporting capacity of beef cattle in Indonesia. International Journal of Recent Academic Research, 1(2), 64â€“71.
Riwukore, Jefirstson Richset, & Habaora, F. (2019). Perception of farmers on the performance of extensionist in the pasture agroecosystem of Timor Tengah Utara District. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 29(2), 1â€“10. https://doi. org/10.9734/AJAEES/2019/45539
Rohaeni, E. S., & Hartono, B. (2014). Strategy of the sustainable development of beef cattle in Tanah Laut District, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 7(11), 49â€“57. https://doi.org/10.9790/ 2380-071124957
Sajow, N., Sondakh, B. F. J., Legrans, R. A. J., & Lainawa, J. (2014). Evaluasi program penyuluhan usaha peternakan sapi di kecamatan sinonsayang Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan. ZOOTEC, 34(2), 27. https:// doi.org/10.35792/zot.34.2.2014.5524
Sapar, Jahi, A., Asngari, P. S., Saleh, A., & Purnaba, I. G. P. (2011). Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh pada kinerja penyuluh pertanian dan dampaknya pada kompetensi petani kakao di empat wilayah Sulawesi Selatan. Forum Pascasarjana, 34(4).
Saswita, I. M. U., Suparta, I. N., & Suarta, I. G. (2013). Perception of farmers own role in imporoving knowledge and extension livestock cattle management was held at the cattle group Sekar Sari, Pangsan Village, The District of Petang, Badung Regency. Journal of Tropical Animal Science, 1(1), 34â€“44.
Sucihatiningsih, D. W. P., & Waridin. (2010). Development models of agricultural extensions institutional capacity for improving farming performance through transaction cost: case study in Jawa Tengah province. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 11(1), 13â€“29.
Sumner, C. L., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G., & Weary, D. M. (2018). Perspectives of farmers and veterinarians concerning dairy cattle welfare. Animal Frontiers, 8(1), 8â€“13. https://doi.org/10.1093/af/vfx006
Surahmanto, Haryadi, F. T., & Sumadi. (2014). The performance of agricultural field Extension Workers as information disseminator, facilitator and guidance in development program achievement of bali cattles (Bos sondaicus) at the District of Muna Southeast Sulawesi Province. Buletin Peternakan, 38(2), 116â€“124.
Talibo, R., Sondakh, B. F., Sajow, A. A., & Lainawa, J. (2017). Analisis persepsi petani peternak sapi potong terhadap peran penyuluh di kecamatan sangkub Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow Utara. ZOOTEC, 37(2), 513. https://doi.org/10.35792/zot.37.2.2017.16910
Yunasaf, U., & Tasripin, D. S. (2012). The role of extension agent in learning process dairy farmer in KSU Tandangsari Sumedang . Jurnal Ilmu Ternak, 12(1), 41â€“46.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).