The effect of storage time and egg weight at room temperature on interior quality of hatching egg in Magelang duck

Muhammad Fahri, Edy Kurnianto, Edjeng Suprijatna

Abstract


The objective of this study was to examine the effect of storage time and egg weight at room temperature on the interior quality of Magelang duck. The material used were 120 eggs of Magelang duck. The parameters observed were albumen index, egg yolk index and Haugh unit. The 4 x 3 factorial experiment with 2 factors was applied. In which the first factor (A) was the length of egg storage of: a1 = 1 day, a2 = 3 days, a3 = 5 days and a4 = 7 days and the second factor (B) was egg weight of b1 (low = 48,4g – 63,1g)  b2 (medium = 63,2g – 73,6g) and b3 (high 73,7g - 81g,). The data were analyzed by the General Linear Model (GLM) procedure of Statistical Analysis System (SAS). The result showed that there was no interaction between storage time and egg weight on quality interior. Storage time was significant different (P<0,05) on albumin index, egg yolk index and Haugh unit. Egg weight had no effect on index albumen, egg yolk index and Haugh unit.  In conclusion, the quality of the interior began to decline after being saved 3 days and the optimal egg weight for hatching eggs is medium egg weight.

Keywords


egg weight; interior quality; Magelang duck; storage time.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adamski, M., Z. Bernacki and J. Kuzniacka. 2005. Changes in the biological value of duck eggs defined by egg quality. Fol Biol. 53: 107-114.

Akyurek, H. and A.A. Okur. 2009. Effect of storage time, temprature and hen age on egg quality in free range layers hens. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 8(10): 1953-1958.

Demirel, S. and K. Kirikci. 2009. Effect of different egg storage durations on some egg quality characteristics and hatchability of pheasants (Phasianus colchicus). Poult. Sci. 88(2): 440–444.

Dewanti, R., Yuhan dan Sudiyono. 2014. Pengaruh bobot dan frekuensi pemutaran telur terhadap fertilitas daya tetas dan bobot tetas itik lokal. Bulletin peternakan. 38(1): 16-20.

Garip, M. and S. Dere. 2011. The effect of storage period and temperature on weight loss in quail eggs and the hatching weight of quail chicks. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 10(18) :2363-2367.

Hassan, S. M., A. A. Siam, M. E. Mady dan A. L. Cartwright. 2005. Egg storage period and weight effect on hatchability of ostrich (Struthio camelus) eggs. Poult. Sci. 84: 1908 – 1912.

Jin, Y. H., K.T. Lee, W.I. Lee and Y.K. Han. 2011. Effects of storage temperature and time on the quality of eggs from laying hens at peak production. Asian-Asustralas J. Anim. Sci. 24: 279 – 284.

Karabayir, A., 2010. Effect of different storage duration of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) eggs on their hatching chick rates and liveweight gains. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 9:1358-1361.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2013. Keputusan Menteri Pertanian Nomor701/Kpts/PD.410/2/2013 tentang Penetapan Rumpun Itik Magelang. Kementrian Pertanian, Jakarta.

Khan, M.J.A., S. H. Khan., A. Bukhsh., M.I. Abbas dan M. Javed. 2013. Effect of different storage period on egg weight, internal egg quality and hatchability characteristics of Fayumi eggs. Italian J. Anim. Sci.12(51): 323-328.

King’ori, A. M. 2011. Review of the factors that influences egg fertility and hatchability in poultry. Int. J. Poult. Sci.. 10 (6): 483 – 492.

Laily, R. A. dan P. Suhendra. 1978. Teknologi Hasil Ternak. Bagian II. Teknologi Telur. Edisi 2. Lephas. Ujung Pandang.

Lestari, D., Riyanti dan V. Wanniatie. 2015. Pengaruh lama penyimpanan dan warna kerabang terhadap kualitas internal telur itik Tegal. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan. 3(1): 7-14.

Onbasilar, E. E., O. Poyrarzl and E. Erdem. 2007. Effect of egg storage period on hatching egg quality, hatchability, chick quality and relative growth in Pekin ducks. Arch Geflugelk. 71(4): 187-191.

Purdiyanto. J dan S. Riyadi. 2018. Pengaruh lama simpan telur itik terhadap penurunan berat indeks kuning telur dan haugh unit. Maduranch 3(1): 23-28.

Purwadi, L.K. Radiati, H. Evanuarini dan R.D. Andriani. 2017. Penanganan Hasil Ternak. UB Press, Malang.

Raji A. O., J. Aliyu, J. U. Igwebuike and S. Chiroma. 2009. Effect of storage methods and time on egg quality traits of laying hens in a hot dry cimate. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 4(4): 1-7.

Samli, H. E., A. Agma and N. Senkoylu. 2005. Effects of storage duration and temperature on egg quality in old Laying Hens. J. App. Poult. Res. 14(3): 548-553.

Sekeroglu, A. and E. Altuntas. 2008. Effects of egg weight on egg quality charachteristics. J. Sci. Food Agric. 89: 379-383.

Sekeroglu, A., H. Gok and M. Duman. 2016. Effects of egg shell color and storage duration on the external and internal egg quality traits of ATAK-S layer hybrids. Cien. Inv. Agr. 43(2): 327-335.

Septiana, N., Riyanti dan K. Nova. 2015. Pengaruh lama simpan dan warna kerabang telur itik Tegal terhadap indeks albumen, indeks yolk dan pH telur. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan. 3(1): 81-86.

Septika, E. R., D. Septinova dan K. Nova. 2013. Pengaruh umur telur tetas persilangan itik Tegal dan Mojosari dengan penetasan kombinasi terhadap fertilitas dan daya tetas. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu. 1(3): 31-36.

Subari., Y. Panggasa dan Sutikno. 2013. Pengaruh lama penyimpanan telur itik Alabio (Anasplathyrinchos borneo) terhadap persentase daya tetas. Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu. 2(1): 1-10.

Sudaryani, T. 2003. Kualitas Telur. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Sulistina L., O. Imanudin. dan A. Falahudin. 2017. Pengaruh perendaman ekstrak teh hijau (Camellia sinesis) terhadap kualitas interior telur ayam Ras. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan. 5(2) : 198-203.

Swacita, I. B. N. dan I. P. S. Cipta. 2011. Pengaruh sistem peternakan dan lama penyimpanan terhadap kualitas telur itik. Buletin Veteriner Udayana. 3(2) : 91-98.

Ukwu, H. O., C. O. Ezihe, S. K. Asaa and M. E. Anyogo. 2017. Effect of egg weight on external and internal egg quality traits of Isa Brown egg layer chickens in Nigeria. J. Anim. Sci. Vet. Med. 2:126-132.

Yuniwarti, E. Y. W dan H. Muliani. 2014. Status heterofil, limfosit dan rasio H/L berbagai itik lokal di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak. 1(5) : 22-27.

Yuwanta, T. 2004. Dasar Ternak Unggas.Kanisius,Yogyakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2019.029.03.06

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.