Good dairy farming practices (GDFP) implementation on smallholder dairy farmers in East Java, Indonesia

Tri Eko Susilorini, Puguh Surjowardojo, Rini Dwi Wahyuni, Suyadi Suyadi


GDFP is a standard guideline for producing good milk quality and efficient production system. GDFP implementation has been less attention among the dairy smallholder farmers. The smallholder farmers are classified into three categories depending on animal ownership; strata 1 (1-3 AU), strata 2 (4-6 AU), and strata 3 (>7 AU). This research determines the score of GDFP implementation on smallholder farmers in East Java. The total respondents were 56, with 325 dairy cattle. A questionnaire and field observations were used to collect data using the survey method. The farmers were interviewed using a prepared questionnaire with general information about their farms and questions about GDFP implementation. The result showed that the score of GDFP implementation in all strata of smallholder farmers in East Java Indonesia in 6 aspects as follows: animal health was  “good enough” (score  2.68-2.70), milking hygiene was “good” (score 3.19-3.42), nutrition was “good enough” (score 2.86-2.97) in strata I and III and “good” for strata II (score 3.03), animal welfare was “good enough” (2.56-2.60), the environment was "good enough" (2.34-2.50) and socio-economic management is “not good” (score GDFP = 1.60-1.92).


Animal welfare; Dairy cow; Environment

Full Text:



Anggraeni, A., & Mariana, E. (2016). Evaluasi aspek teknis pemeliharaan sapi perah menuju good dairy farming practices pada peternakan sapi perah rakyat pondok ranggon. Jurnal Agripet, 16(2), 90. 10.17969/agripet.v16i2.5162

BPS. (2022). Populasi Sapi Perah menurut Provinsi (Ekor).

Byarugaba, D. K., Nakavuma, J. L., Vaarst, M., & Laker, C. (2008). Mastitis occurrence and constraints to mastitis control in smallholder dairy farming systems in Uganda. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 20(1).

Can, M. F., & Altuğ, N. (2014). Socioeconomic implications of biosecurity practices in small-scale dairy farms. Veterinary Quarterly, 34(2), 67–73. 01652176.2014.951130

FAO-Food and Agriculture Organization. (2011). Guide to good dairy farming practice. In Animal Production and Health Guidelines. Animal Production and Health Guidelines.

Fregonesi, J. A., & Leaver, J. D. (2001). Behaviour, performance and health indicators of welfare for dairy cows housed in strawyard or cubicle systems. Livestock Production Science, 68(2–3), 205–216. 1016/S0301-6226(00)00234-7

Golher, D. M., Patel, B. H. M., Bhoite, S. H., Syed, M. I., Panchbhai, G. J., & Thirumurugan, P. (2021). Factors influencing water intake in dairy cows: a review. International Journal of Biometeorology, 65(4), 617–625.

Kummee, P., Borisutpeth, M., Chanlun, S., Kanbutra, P., & Chanlun, A. (2015). Efficacy of guava leaf extract as alternative pre-milking teat dipping in reducing teat–end bacterial load of milking dairy cows. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 7(9), 434–438.

Kumssa, G. (2018). Effect of milking procedure and handling on its quality. Journal of Dairy & Veterinary Sciences, 7(5), 1–6. 10.19080/JDVS.2018.07.555725

Mattachini, G., Pompe, J., Finzi, A., Tullo, E., Riva, E., & Provolo, G. (2019). Effects of feeding frequency on the lying behavior of dairy cows in a loose housing with automatic feeding and milking system. Animals, 9(4), 121.

Mekonnen, H. M., Asmamaw, K., & Courreau, J. F. (2006). Husbandry practices and health in smallholder dairy farms near Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 74(2–3), 99–107. https://

Muriithi, M. K., S. Huka, G., & Njati, I. C. (2014). Factors influencing growth of dairy farming business in amentia south district of mere county, kenya. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 16(4), 21–31. https://

Nakiganda, A., Mcleod, A., Bua, A., Phipps, R., Upton, M., & Taylor, N. (2006). Farmers’ constraints, objectives and achievements in smallholder dairy systems in Uganda. In Livestock Research for Rural Development (Vol. 18, Issue 5).

Nur, A. S., Purwanto, B. P., Atabany, A., & Nurlaha, N. (2018). Evaluasi aspek teknis pemeliharaan sapi perah berdasarkan good dairy farming practices (GDFP) di Peternakan Rakyat Cibungbulang. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis, 5(2), 79. jitro.v5i3.4977

Pandey, P., Pandey, A., Yan, L., Wang, D., Pandey, V., Meikap, B. C., Huo, J., Zhang, R., & Pandey, P. K. (2021). Dairy waste and potential of small-scale biogas digester for rural energy in india. Applied Sciences, 11(22), 10671. 2210671

Priyanti, A., & Soedjana, T. D. (2016). Indonesian dairy industry perspective within the ASEAN economic community. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 25(4), 159–170. 334/wartazoa.v25i4.1226

Rustomo, B., AlZahal, O., Odongo, N. E., Duffield, T. F., & McBride, B. W. (2006). Effects of rumen acid load from feed and forage particle size on ruminal ph and dry matter intake in the lactating dairy cow. Journal of Dairy Science, 89(12), 4758–4768. https:// 2525-5

Sulastri, E., & Maharjan, K. L. (2014). Role of dairy cooperative services on dairy development in indonesia : a case study of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Province. Journal of International Development and Cooperation, 9(1), 17–39.

Utami, K.B., Radiati, L.E., Surjowardojo, P. (2014). Kajian kualitas susu sapi perah PFH (studi kasus pada anggota Kope- rasi Agro Niaga di Kecamatan Jabung Kabupaten Malang). Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan, 24(2), 58–66.

Utami, H. D., & Seruni, A. P. (2013). Determinants of household labour allocation to small scale dairy farming activities (Case Study at Pasuruan Regency, East Java, Indonesia). Livestock Research for Rural Development, 25(10).

Utami, H. D., & Seruni, A. P. (2014). Financial performance of small scale dairy farming in East Java Indonesia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 26(11).

Widyas, N., Putra, F. Y., Nugroho, T., Pramono, A., Susilowati, A., Sutarno, & Prastowo, S. (2018). Persistency of milk yield in Indonesian Holstein cows. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 142, 012005.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.