Evaluasi penambahan probiotik (Lactobacillus sp) cair dan padat dalam pakan terhadap penampilan produksi ayam petelur

Rona Wila Pradikta, Osfar Sjofjan, Irfan H. Djunaidi

Abstract


This research aims to discover the effect of powder and liquid probiotic addition in laying’s feed towards their production. This research involved 144 Isa Brown layer with 6 months (24 weeks) age and liquid probiotic containing Lactobacillus sp bacteria with the composition of 1,4 x 1010 cfu/ml, while the solid probiotic that was used using skim milk media was processed into powder. The method used was experimental, employing nested Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 2 factors and 6 actions, in which every action is given 4 times repetition; each repetition consisted of 6 layer. The data was analyzed using variety analysis and examined further by the Duncan test. Research result showed that the addition of powder or liquid Lactobacillus sp probiotic gave a positive effect on consumption amount, feed conversion, HDP, egg mass, IOFC, and egg mass of layer. It can be concluded that the addition of powder probitotic is better than the liquid one, while 0.6% of addition can increase the performance of laying production. Concluded that the addition of probiotics in solid form was better than liquid form, while the level of administration of 0.6% could improve the production of layer.


Keywords


Layer;Lactobacillus sp;Probiotic;Performance.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bahlevi, T., U.S. Ucan., B. Coskun, V. Kurtoglu and S. Cetingul. 2001. Effect of dietary probiotic on performance and humoral immune response. British Poult. Sci., 4(2), 456-461.

Goodling, A.C. 1987. Production performance of white leghorn layers fed Lactobacillus fermentation products. Poult. Sci., 66(2), 480-486.

Hammond. 1994. The effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the production and chemical composition of eggs. Poultry Sci., 75(4), 491-494.

Harms, R. H., and G. B. Russell. 2004. Performance of commercial laying hens when fed diets with various sources of energy. J. Appl. Poult. Res, 13(1), 365–369.

Istinganah, L., S. Mugiyono, dan N. Iriyanti. 2013. Penggunaan berbagai jenis probiotik dalam ransum terhadap produksi dan bobot telur Ayam Arab. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan, 1(1), 338-346.

Kompiang, I. P. 2000. Pengaruh Suplementasi Kultur Bacillus spp. melalui pakan atau air minum terhadap kinerja Ayam Petelur. JITV., 5(3), 205-209.

Kompiang, I. P. 2009. Pemanfaatan mikroorganisme sebagai probiotik untuk meningkatkan produksi ternak unggas di Indonesia. Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian, 2(3), 177-191.

Mahdavi, A.H., H.R. Rahmani, and J. Pourreza. 2005. Effect of probiotics supplements on egg quality and laying hens performance. International Journal Poultry Science, 4(7), 488–492.

Natsir, M.H., O. Sjofjan, K. Umam, A. Manab, dan E. Widodo. 2010. Ef-fects of liquid and encapsulated lactic acid in broiler diets on performances, intestinal characteristics and intestinal microflora. The Journal Of Poultry Science, 47(3), 240-243.

Nesheim, M. 1997. Effect of all-lac xcl 5x, acid-pak 2x, bio-mos® and zinc bacitracin on nutrient digestibility and gastrointestinal Morphology of broiler chickens. South African J. Anim. Sci., 39(1), 231-236.

North, M. O and D. D. Bell. 1990. Com-mercial Chicken Production Manual. 4th Ed. Chapman and Hall, New York.

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poul-try. 9th Ed. Natural Academy. Washington DC.

Pambuka, S.R., O. Sjofjan, and Radiati, L.E., 2014. Effect of liquid probiotics mixed culture supplements through drinking water on laying hens performance and yolk cholesterol. Journal Of World’s Poultry Research, 4(1), 05-09.

Setiawati, T., R. Afnan, dan N. Ulupi. 2016. Performa produksi dan kualitas telur Ayam Petelur pada sistem litter dan cage dengan suhu kandang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan, 4(1), 197-203.

Steel, R.G.D. dan J.H. Torrie. 1993. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika (diterjemahkan dari: Principles and Procedures of Statistic, penerjemah: B. Su-mantri). Jakarta : Gramedia. hlm 720-733.

Widjastuti, T. dan R. Kartasudjana. 2006. Pengaruh pembatasan ransum dan implikasinya terhadap performa puyuh petelur pada fase produksi pertama. J. Indon. Trop. Anim. Agic., 31(3), 162-168.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiip.2018.028.03.03

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.