EFEK LANTAI KANDANG (Renggang dan Rapat) DAN IMBANGAN JANTAN-BETINA TERHADAP FERTILITAS, DAYA TETAS DAN KEMATIAN EMBRIO PADA BURUNG PUYUH (Coturnix-coturnix japonica)

Achmanu Achmanu, Muharlien Muharlien, Ricki Fajar

Abstract


The aim of the research was to study the effect of cage floor type (wire and litter) and sex ratio on fertility, hatchability and dead embryo of quail. The materials used were 24 male and 84 female quails aged 60 days old. The method of research was experiment which was arranged factorially (2x4) with Randomized Block Design (RBD). The first factor was the type of cage floor which was wire and litter. The second factor was the sex ratio which was 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, and 1:5. The variables were fertility, hatchability, and dead embryo. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and if there were significant differences among the treatments it would be continued with Duncan Multiple Range Test.

The results showed that cage floor type had no effect (P>0.05) on fertility with the average of 80±8,78 to 81±5,37%, hatchability with the average of 82,6±2,46 to 82,93±2,74%, and dead embryo with the average of 17,06±2,74 to 17,37±2,46%. Sex ratio had highly significant effect (P<0.01) on fertility (72,00 to 88,67%) and had no effect (P>0,05) on hatchability (79,78 to 85,79%) and dead embryo (14,21 to 20,21%). There was no interaction effect (P>0.05) between the cage floor type and sex ratio. The conclusion on breeding quail can be used two type of cage floor i.e. litter or wire floor . The sex ratio influenced egg fertility, a higher sex ratio produced lower fertility. It was suggested that in quail‘s breeding practices could be used both floor type of cage which were wire or litter floor, with sex ratio 1 male and 4 female quails. (JIIPB 2010 Vol 20 No 1: 48-54).

 

Keyword : Quail, cage floor, sex ratio, fertility, hatchability, dead embryo


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